Democratic Republic of Georgia

first modern establishment of Georgia as an independent state (1918-1921)

The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG; Georgian: საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა, Sakartvelos Demokratiuli Respublika), 1918–1921, was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia.

Democratic Republic of Georgia
საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა (Georgian)
Flag of Georgia (1918–1921)
Coat of arms of Georgia (1918–1921)
Coat of arms
Anthem: Dideba Zetsit Kurtheuls
Praise Be To The Heavenly Bestower of Blessings
Claimed borders of the Democratic Republic of Georgia
Claimed borders of the Democratic Republic of Georgia
Common languagesGeorgian (official)
Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Svan, Mingrelian, Laz
Georgian Orthodox[source?]
• 1918
Noe Ramishvili
• 1918–1921
Noe Zhordania
Historical eraInterwar period
• Established
May 26 1918
11 February 1921
25 February 1921
1919107,600 km2 (41,500 sq mi)
• 1919
CurrencyGeorgian maneti
ISO 3166 codeGE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Today part of Armenia

Georgia's capital was Tbilisi, and its state language was Georgian. Created on May 26, 1918, on the break-up of the Transcaucasian Federation, it was led by the Social Democratic Menshevik party. Facing permanent internal and external problems, the young state was not able to withstand the invasion by the Russian SFSR Red Armies. It collapsed between February and March 1921 to become a Soviet republic.