Demographics of Hungary

demographics of country

The Demographics of Hungary is the study of the population and people in Hungary.

PopulationEdit

NationEdit

Census
year
Population Change
1949 9,204,799
1960 9,961,044 +8.22%
1970 10,322,099 +3.62%
1980 10,709,463 +3.75%
1990 10,374,823 −3.12%
2001 10,198,315 −1.70%
2011 9,937,628 −2.56%

Cities and townsEdit

 
Budapest is the largest city in Hungary.
Rank City County 2011 census 2020 estimate Change
1 Budapest Budapest 1,733,685 1,750,216 +0.95%
2 Debrecen Hajdú-Bihar 211,340 201,112 −4.84%
3 Szeged Csongrád-Csanád 168,048 160,258 −4.64%
4 Miskolc Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 167,754 152,901 −8.85%
5 Pécs Baranya 156,049 141,843 −9.10%
6 Győr Győr-Moson-Sopron 129,527 133,946 +3.41%
7 Nyíregyháza Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 119,746 116,814 −2.45%
8 Kecskemét Bács-Kiskun 111,411 110,373 −0.93%
9 Székesfehérvár Fejér 100,570 96,529 −4.02%
10 Szombathely Vas 78,884 78,591 −0.37%
11 Szolnok Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 72,953 70,554 −3.29%
12 Érd Pest 63,631 69,431 +9.12%
13 Tatabánya Komárom-Esztergom 67,753 66,141 −2.38%
14 Sopron Győr-Moson-Sopron 60,548 63,065 +4.16%
15 Kaposvár Somogy 66,245 60,656 −8.44%

Ethnic groupsEdit

 
Ethnic groups in Hungary based on the 2011 census.

The most recent census looking at ethnic groups was in 2016.

Population of Hungary in 2016[1]
Ethnic
group
microcensus 2016
Number %
Hungarians 9,632,774 98.3%
Romani 309,632 3.2%
Danube Swabians 178,837 1.8%
Romanians 36,506 0.4%
Slovaks 29,794 0.3%
Croats 22,995 0.2%
Russians 21,518 0.2%
Chinese 15,454 0.2%
Turks 11,704 0.1%
Serbs 11,127 0.1%
Ukrainians 10,996 0.1%
Poles 8,245 0.08%
Vietnamese 7,304 0.07%
Greeks 4,454 0.05%
Bulgarians 4,022 0.04%
Slovenes 2,700 0.03%
Rusyns 2,342 0.02%
Armenians 2,324 0.02%
Others 26,349 0.3%
Total 9,803,837
  • In this census, people could select many ethnicities. These numbers do not add up to 100.

RomaniEdit

The 2011 and 2016 censuses found that the Romani people made up 3.2% of the population. Some estimates say that 7% of the population is Romani. [2] Regardless, they are the largest minority in Hungary.

The Romani people originally came from Northern India around the area of Rajasthan and Punjab.[3]

The county in Hungary with the largest percentage of Romani people is Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. This county is in the north of Hungary and is next to Slovakia.

County Romani population
(2011 census)
%
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County 58,376 8.51%
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 44,738 8.00%
Nógrád 15,489 7.65%
Heves 19,467 6.30%
Somogy 16,794 5.31%
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 19,089 4.94%
Baranya 17,585 4.55%
Tolna 9,072 3.94%
Hajdú-Bihar 18,546 3.39%
Békés 9,541 2.65%
Zala 7,283 2.58%
Bács-Kiskun 11,327 2.18%
Pest 20,719 1.70%
Fejér 6,497 1.53%
Veszprém 5,336 1.51%
Komárom-Esztergom 4,371 1.44%
Csongrád-Csanád 5,006 1.20%
Budapest 20,151 1.17%
Vas 2,685 1.05%
Győr-Moson-Sopron 3,511 0.78%
Total[4] 315,583 3.18 %

Danube SwabiansEdit

Danube Swabians Donau Shwoveh are a German speaking Minority, the third largest ethnic group in Hungary. The county with the largest percentage of Germans is Baranya, with the Subgroup Stifolder who's Ancestors once came from Fulda (district) arround 1720, with 6.1% according to the 2011 census.

LanguagesEdit

ReligionsEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Vukovich, Gabriella (2018). Mikrocenzus 2016 - 12. Nemzetiségi adatok [2016 microcensus - 12. Ethnic data] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian). Budapest. ISBN 978-963-235-542-9. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  2. "Anger grows in Hungary over anti-Roma article". The Guardian. London. 8 January 2013.
  3. Hancock, Ian F. (2005) [2002]. We are the Romani People. Univ of Hertfordshire Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-902806-19-8: ‘While a nine century removal from India has diluted Indian biological connection to the extent that for some Romani groups, it may be hardly representative today, Sarren (1976:72) concluded that we still remain together, genetically, Asian rather than European’{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  4. "Hungarian Central Statistical Office". Ksh.hu. 2014-04-14. Retrieved 2016-05-21.