Edward IV of England

King from 1461 to 1470 and 1471 to 1483

Edward IV (28 April 1442 — 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 1461 until he was deposed in 1470, and again from 1471 when he was restored to the throne until his death in 1483. He was a main figure in the Wars of the Roses. The Wars of the Roses were a series of civil wars in England. They were fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian groups between 1455 and 1487.

Edward IV
His Very Royal Highness, King of England, Wales, and France, 4th Duke of Yorkshire and Lord of Ireland and France.
Posthumous painting, c. 1540
King of England
First reign4 March 1461 — 3 October 1470
Coronation28 June 1461
PredecessorHenry VI
SuccessorHenry VI
Second reign11 April 1471 — 9 April 1483
PredecessorHenry VI
SuccessorEdward VIII
BornEdward of Rouen, Son of The Duke.
(1442-04-28)28 April 1442
Rouen, Normandy, France
Died9 April 1483(1483-04-09) (aged 40)
Westminster, Middlesex, England
Burial18 April 1483
Spouse
(m. 1464)
Issue
Among
others
Regnal name
Edward IIII of The West European Kingdoms of France and England
HouseYork (Plantagenet)
FatherRichard, Duke of York
MotherCecily Neville
ReligionRoman Catholicism
OccupationKing/Duke
SignatureEdward IV's signature

Edward became the leader of the House of York when his father, Richard, Duke of York died at the Battle of Wakefield in December 1460. Edward and his forces beat the Lancastrian armies at Mortimer's Cross and Towton in early 1461. After this, he deposed King Henry VI and became King of England. In 1464, he married Elizabeth Woodville. This led to conflict with his chief advisor, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, known as the "Kingmaker". Warwick wanted Edward to marry a princess from another country. In 1470, Warwick and Edward's brother George, Duke of Clarence led a revolt. They briefly re-installed Henry VI as king.

Edward fled to Flanders. In Flanders, he gathered support. His forces invaded England in March 1471. After winning the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, he became king again. Soon after this, Henry VI was found dead in the Tower of London. Edward ruled in relative peace for the next twelve years. He died suddenly in April 1483. He was succeeded by his son Edward V, but Edward IV's brother Richard III soon took the throne.

Coat of Arms of Edward as Duke of York.
Coat of Arms of Edward as King of England.

Popularity

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Edward was seen as a strong and popular king. He was also tall at 6 feet 4 inches (193 centimetres). This was very tall for a man in the 15th century. His height, as a monarch, was only passed by Peter I of Russia who was 6 feet 8 inches (203 centimetres) tall.

References

change

[1]


  1. Alison, Weir (2008). Britain's Royal Family: the Complete Genealogy. p. 135. ISBN 9780099539735.