Japanese era from 983 to 985

Eikan (永観) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tengen and before Kanna. This period started in April 983 and ended in April 985.[1] The reigning emperors were En'yu-tennō (円融天皇) and Kazan-tennō (花山天皇).[2]

Events of the Eikan era

  • 6 October, 983 (Eikan 1, 27th day of the 8th month): In the 15th year of Emperor En'yu's reign, he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a nephew. Soon after, Emperor Kazan's new role as emperor was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[3]
  • 983 (Eikan 1, 8th month): Chōnen, the Buddhist monk of the Tendai school embarked on a voyage to China accompanied by 5 or 6 desciples.[4]


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Eikan" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 171.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 144-148; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 299-300; Varely, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 191-192.
  3. Titsingh, p. 148; Brown, pp. 300; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  4. Iwao, Seiichi et al. (2002). Dictionnaire historique du Japon, Vol. 1, p. 304.

Other websites


Eikan 1st 2nd 3rd
983 984 985
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: