Elijah Muhammad (born Elijah Robert Poole; October 7, 1897 – February 25, 1975) was an African-American religious leader, who led the Nation of Islam from 1934 until his death in 1975. He was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Muhammad Ali; and his son Warith Deen Mohammed.
Muhammad speaking in 1964.
|Leader of the Nation of Islam|
|Preceded by||Wallace Fard Muhammad|
|Succeeded by||Warith Deen Mohammed|
Elijah Robert Poole
October 7, 1897
Sandersville, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||February 25, 1975 (aged 77)|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Clara Muhammad (1917–72; her death)|
|Occupation||Leader of the Nation of Islam|
Muhammad was born on October 7, 1897 in Sandersville, Georgia. Poole married Clara Evans (1899–1972) on March 7, 1917. They had eight children. Muhammad died from congestive heart failure at the age of 77 on February 25, 1975, the day before Saviours' Day, at Mercy Hospital in Chicago, Illinois.
Al Freeman, Jr. played him in the 1992 movie Malcolm X.
Media related to Elijah Muhammad at Wikimedia Commons
- Elijah Muhammad's Teachings
- Nation of Islam official biography
- Seventh Family of the Nation of Islam
- Elijah Muhammad History
- Malcolm X Reloaded: Who Really Assassinated Malcolm X?
- FBI file on Elijah Muhammad
- Elijah Muhammad on IMDb
- Booknotes interview with Claude Andrew Clegg III on An Original Man: The Life and Times of Elijah Muhammad, March 30, 1997.