Fon language

part of the Gbe language cluster and belongs to the Volta–Niger branch of the Niger–Congo languages

Fon is part of the Gbe language cluster. Fon is spoken mainly in Benin. There are about 1.7 million speakers. Like the other Gbe languages, Fon has a subject–verb–object word order.

Native toBenin, Nigeria, Togo
EthnicityFon people
Native speakers
2.2 million (2000–2006)[1]
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-2fon
ISO 639-3Variously:
fon – Fon
mxl – Maxi
guw – Gun
gbh – Defi
wem – Weme
cib – Ci
Glottologeast2711  split up in Eastern Gbe[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.


  1. Fon at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Maxi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Gun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Defi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Weme at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Ci at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Gbe". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.