Franz Joseph I of Austria

Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary (1830-1916)

Franz Joseph I (German: Franz Joseph, Hungarian: Ferenc József, English: Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916. His brother Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria would have been his successor but he was assassinated. Charles I of Austria became emperor. Wars during the reign of Franz Joseph included the Second Italian War Of Independence (1859), the Austro-Prussian War (1866), the Third Italian War Of Independence (1866) and the 1899-1901 Boxer Rebellion. He died during World War 1.

Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, etc.
Franz Joseph, circa 1915.JPG
Emperor Franz Joseph. Vienna, circa 1910.
Reign2 December, 184821 November, 1916
PredecessorFerdinand I
SuccessorCharles I
Born(1830-08-18)18 August 1830
Schönbrunn Palace Vienna
Died21 November 1916(1916-11-21) (aged 86)
Schönbrunn Palace
Burial
Imperial Crypt
SpouseDuchess Elisabeth of Bavaria
IssueArchduchess Sophie
Archduchess Gisela
Crown Prince Rudolf
Archduchess Marie-Valerie
HouseHabsburg-Lorraine
FatherArchduke Franz Karl
MotherPrincess Sophie of Bavaria

Franz Joseph's 68-year reign is the third-longest in the recorded history of Europe (after those of Louis XIV of France and Ioannes II, Prince of Liechtenstein).

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AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Franz Karl Joseph" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 6. Wikisource 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Sophie (geb. 27. Jänner 1805)" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 7. Wikisource 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Franz I." (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 6. Wikisource 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Theresia von Neapel" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 7. Wikisource 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 94.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Maximilian I. Joseph → Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine von Baden". Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte [House of Bavarian History] (in German). Bavarian Ministry of State for Wissenschaft and Kunst. Retrieved 13 June 2020.

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