Franz Joseph I of Austria

Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary (1830-1916)

Emperor Franz Joseph I or Emperor Francis Joseph I (German: Franz Joseph, Hungarian: Ferenc József, English: Francis Joseph) (Slovene : Franc Jozef Karel) (Croatian : Franjo Josip Karlo) (Czech : Frantisek Josef Karel) (Romanian : Francisc Iosif Carol) (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and also served as President of the German Confederation from 1850-1866.

Franz Joseph I
Painting of Franz Joseph I
Franz Joseph c. 1851
Emperor of Austria
King of Hungary
Reign2 December 1848 – 21 November 1916
Coronation8 June 1867
Matthias Church
(as King of Hungary)
PredecessorFerdinand I & V
SuccessorCharles I, III & IV
King of Lombardy-Venetia
Reign2 December 1848 – 12 October 1866
PredecessorFerdinand I
SuccessorAnnexation to Italy
Head of the Präsidialmacht Austria
In office
1 May 1850 – 24 August 1866
Preceded byFerdinand I
Succeeded byWilhelm I
(as Head of the North German Confederation)
Born(1830-08-18)18 August 1830
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died21 November 1916(1916-11-21) (aged 86)
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Elisabeth in Bavaria
(m. 1854; died 1898)
Full name
German: Franz Joseph Karl
Francis Joseph Charles
FatherArchduke Franz Karl of Austria
MotherPrincess Sophie of Bavaria
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureFranz Joseph I's signature

His nephew Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria would have been his successor but he was assassinated. Wars during the reign of Franz Joseph included the Second Italian War Of Independence (1859), the Austro-Prussian War (1866), the Third Italian War Of Independence (1866) and the 1899-1901 Boxer Rebellion. He died during World War 1. Charles I of Austria became emperor in 1916 and reigned from 1916-1918.

Franz Joseph's 68-year reign is the third-longest in the history of continental Europe (after those of Louis XIV of France and Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein).

Issue change

Ancestry change

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Franz Karl Joseph" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 6. Wikisource 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Sophie (geb. 27. Jänner 1805)" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 7. Wikisource 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Franz I." (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 6. Wikisource 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Theresia von Neapel" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 7. Wikisource 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 94.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Maximilian I. Joseph → Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine von Baden". Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte [House of Bavarian History] (in German). Bavarian Ministry of State for Wissenschaft and Kunst. Retrieved 13 June 2020.

Other websites change