Open main menu

Franz von Papen

German chancellor

Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen zu Köningen (29 October 1879 - 2 May 1969) was a German nobleman, Catholic monarchist politician, General Staff officer, and diplomat. He was Chancellor of Germany in 1932 and as Vice-Chancellor in 1933-1934. He was a member of the Catholic Centre Party of Germany until 1932. Papen was one the people who said that they could control Adolf Hitler when he becomes Chancellor of Germany.

Franz von Papen
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S00017, Franz von Papen.jpg
22nd Chancellor of the German Reich
13th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic
In office
1 June – 17 November 1932
PresidentPaul von Hindenburg
Preceded byHeinrich Brüning
Succeeded byKurt von Schleicher
Vice-Chancellor of the German Reich
In office
30 January 1933 – August 1934
ChancellorAdolf Hitler
Preceded byHermann R. Dietrich
Succeeded byVacant
Franz Blücher (1949)
Minister President of Prussia
In office
20 July – 3 December 1932
Preceded byOtto Braun
Succeeded byKurt von Schleicher
In office
30 January – 10 April 1933
Preceded byKurt von Schleicher
Succeeded byHermann Göring
Personal details
Born(1879-10-29)29 October 1879
Werl
Died2 May 1969(1969-05-02) (aged 89)
Obersasbach
Political partyCentre Party (until 1932) Nazi party (until 1945)
OccupationSoldier, spy, diplomat, nobleman
Military service
AllegianceGerman Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany (to 1945)

Von Papen was one of the 24 people charged at the Nuremberg Trials. The court decided he was not guilty.

Before and during the war he was an ambassador, from 1934 to 1938 in Austria, and from 1939 to 1944 in Turkey.