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Freddie Mercury

British singer, songwriter and record producer

Frederick Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 1946[1] – 24 November 1991),[2] better known as Freddie Mercury, was an English singer and songwriter of Indian-Parsi descent[3][4][5][6]. He is best known as the lead singer of the band Queen. He was known for his flamboyant stage persona and four-octave vocal range. Mercury wrote numerous hits for Queen, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don't Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", and "We Are the Champions". He led a solo career while performing with Queen, and occasionally served as a producer and guest musician for other artists.

Freddie Mercury
Freddie Mercury performing in New Haven, CT, November 1977.jpg
Mercury performing in 1977
Farrokh Bulsara
Frederick Mercury (called since immigration to England)

(1946-09-05)5 September 1946
Stone Town, Sultanate of Zanzibar (now Tanzania)
Died24 November 1991(1991-11-24) (aged 45)
Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom
  • Singer
  • songwriter
Years active1969–1991
Musical career
  • Vocals
  • piano
Associated actsQueen
Freddie Mercury signature

He formed Queen in 1970 with guitarist Brian May, bassist John Deacon and drummer Roger Taylor. Mercury died in 1991 at age 45 due to complications from AIDS, having confirmed the day before his death that he had contracted the disease. In 1992, Mercury was posthumously awarded the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music, and a tribute concert was held at Wembley Stadium, London. As a member of Queen, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001, the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004. In 2002, he was placed number 58 in the BBC's 2002 poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. He is consistently voted one of the greatest singers in the history of popular music.

Life and careerEdit


Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara on 5 September 1946 in Stone Town in the British protectorate of the Zanzibar (now part of Tanzania).[1] His parents were Jer and Bomi Bulsara. They were both Parsi. His father worked as a cashier in the British Colonial Office, a branch of the government. Mercury had a younger sister named Kashmira. His friends at school gave him the name "Freddie." His family then began calling him Freddie, too.

At age eight, Mercury was sent to a boarding school in India.[1] The school, St. Peters English Boarding school in Panchgani, was about 50 miles outside the city of Bombay (now called Mumbai). He began to show talent as an artist and a sportsman. At age ten, he was named the school champion of Table Tennis. When he was twelve, he received a trophy called the Junior All-rounder.

Music careerEdit

While in school he joined a choir and began to learn to play the piano. He had a four-octave vocal range. To be able to reach very high notes while singing is unusual for a man.[source?]

In 1964, Mercury moved to London with his family.[1] He studied art at Ealing Art College.[7] While in London, he became fond of Mary Austin, a woman he met through his guitarist, Brian May. They lived together for several years before and after the band became famous. They moved into a house in London nicknamed "The Court of King Freddie". Mary still lived in that house after she and Mercury broke up.

Mercury was in love with a local barber when he died. He had been with him in a relationship for six years when it was learned by the media that Mercury had AIDS. One day after the news was broadcast, Mercury died of a type of pneumonia caused by AIDS on 24 November 1991. [2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Mother's fond memories of Queen star Freddie". BBC News. November 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
  2. 2.0 2.1 O'Donnell, Jim (1991). "THE END OF QUEEN: BRIAN MAY ON THE DEATH OF FREDDIE MERCURY". The Rock and Roll Journal. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
  3. Bhatia, Shekhar (2011-10-16). "Freddie Mercury's family tell of singer's pride in his Asian heritage". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  4. "I often think about Freddie Mercury's formative years in India: Rami Malek". The Week. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  5. "Celebrating Freddie Mercury's Indian heritage". BBC News. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  6. September 5, India Today Web Desk; September 15, 2016UPDATED:; Ist, 2018 19:43. "5 things you didn't know about Freddie Mercury's Indian connect". India Today. Retrieved 2019-08-20.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  7. Mark Brown, Art correspondent (19 June 2014). "Culture Art and design National Portrait Gallery From Mercury to mauve: National Portrait Gallery showcases Ealing links". The Guardian UK (US link. Retrieved 6 August 2014.

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