sixth-generation home video game console by Nintendo

The Nintendo GameCube (called GameCube, NGC, or GC for short) is the fourth video game home console made by Nintendo. Nintendo's previous console was called the Nintendo 64. Nintendo's next console is called the Nintendo Wii, released in 2006 with models released before November 2011 being backwards compatible with GameCube games. The last game for the console was Madden NFL 08 (also released for the Wii and Nintendo DS), which was released on August 14, 2007. However, first-party development ended six months prior.

Nintendo GameCube
An indigo GameCube console with its controller and the 251-block memory card.
Also known asDolphin (code name)
TypeHome video game console
GenerationSixth generation
Release date
  • JP: September 14, 2001[2]
  • NA: November 18, 2001[1]
  • EU: May 3, 2002[3]
  • AU: May 17, 2002
  • TAI: November 21, 2002
  • KOR: December 14, 2002
  • JP: October 28, 2007
  • AUS: December 3, 2007
  • EU: May 17, 2008
  • NA: January 15, 2021
Units sold
  • Worldwide: 21.74 million
  • Americas: 12.94 million
  • Japan: 4.04 million
  • Other regions: 4.77 million[4]
Operating systemDolphin OS
CPUIBM PowerPC Gekko @ 486 MHz
Memory24 MB (total)
Removable storageGameCube memory card (16 MB max. capacity)
  • Composite video
  • S-Video (NTSC consoles only)
  • RGB SCART (PAL consoles only)
  • YPbPr component video/d-terminal (DOL-001 models only)[a]
GraphicsATI Flipper @ 162 MHz
SoundAnalog stereo (Dolby Pro Logic II)
Controller inputGameCube controller, WaveBird, Game Boy Advance, various other input devices
ConnectivityGameCube online functionality
Online servicesLimited
Dimensions5.9 × 6.3 × 4.3 in
149 × 160 × 112 mm
(width × depth × height)
Best-selling gameSuper Smash Bros. Melee, 7.09 million (as of March 10, 2008)[5]
Select Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games via the Game Boy Player
PredecessorNintendo 64
Related articlesPanasonic Q

The GameCube also had many new features compared to other Nintendo video game consoles, and was the first Nintendo console to officially support Internet play (playing together without wires). It could also connect to the Game Boy Player to allow special features and play Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games.

The console was released on September 14, 2001 in Japan, November 18, 2001 in North America, May 3, 2002 in Europe, and May 17, 2002 in Australia. The GameCube sold 21.74 million units worldwide was discontinued in early 2009 to focus production on the Wii and DS.[4]


The GameCube's controllers have two analog joysticks. In many games, one of them is used to control a character, while the other is used to control the camera, or some other secondary function. In addition to the analog sticks and the directional pad (D-pad), there are eight buttons: A, B, Y, X, L, R, Z, and Start.

Nintendo later released a wireless version of the controller, called the WaveBird. Instead of wires, it used RF signals to communicate with the console and was powered by standard AA batteries.

Popular GamesEdit

The Nintendo GameCube was known for its popular first games, including:


  1. "Nintendo reports record GameCube launch". CNET News. Retrieved March 16, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Martyn Williams (August 24, 2001). "Nintendo unveils Gamecube launch plans". CNN. Retrieved March 16, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "NEW MEDIA | GameCube price dropped". BBC News. April 22, 2002. Retrieved March 16, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Consolidated Sales Transition by Region" (PDF). Nintendo. 2008-07-30. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Nintendo (March 10, 2008). "At Long Last, Nintendo Proclaims: Let the Brawls Begin on Wii!". Press release. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2008. "The previous installment in the series, Super Smash Bros. Melee, is the best-selling game for Nintendo GameCube with 7.09 million copies sold worldwide." 


  1. Requires the use of the Digital AV port, which was removed from later models