Ghurid dynasty

late 8th-century–1215 Iranian dynasty from Ghor, modern Afghanistan

The Ghūrids, or Ghorids (Persian: سلسله غوریان; self-designation: شنسبانی, Shansabānī), were a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Iranian origin from the Ghor region of present-day central Afghanistan, but the exact ethnic origin is uncertain although they are commonly said to have been Tajiks.[1] The dynasty converted to Sunni Islam from Buddhism[2][3] after the conquest of Ghor by the Ghaznavid sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in 1011. The dynasty overthrew the Ghaznavid Empire in 1186 when Sultan Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad of Ghor conquered the last Ghaznavid capital of Lahore.[4]


  1. Bosworth 2001b, pp. 586–590.
  2. Satish Chandra, Medieval India:From Sultanat to the Mughals-Delhi Sultanat (1206-1526), Part 1, (Har-Anand Publications, 2006), 22.
  3. The Ghurids, K.A. Nizami, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol.4, Part 1, ed. M.S. Asimov and C.E. Bosworth, (Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 1999), 178.
  4. Kingdoms of South Asia – Afghanistan in Far East Kingdoms: Persia and the East