Giuseppe Mazzini (22 June 1805 – 10 March 1872) was an Italian patriot, philosopher, Freemason and politician. His efforts helped bring about the modern Italian state in place of the several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers, that existed until the 19th century. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state.
Photograph of Mazzini by Domenico Lama
|Triumvir of the Rome|
5 February 1849 – 3 July 1849
|Preceded by||Aurelio Saliceti|
|Succeeded by||Aurelio Saliceti|
|Born||22 June 1805|
Genoa, Gênes, French Empire
|Died||10 March 1872 (aged 66)|
|Political party||Young Italy (1831–48)|
Action Party (1848–67)
|Alma mater||University of Genoa|
|History, theology, politics|
|Pan-Europeanism, irridentism, popular democracy, class collaboration|
Karl Marx, on an interview by R. Landor in 1871, said that Mazzini's ideas represents "nothing better than the old idea of a middle-class republic." Marx believed, especially after the Revolutions of 1848, that this middle class point of view had become reactionary and the proletariat had nothing to do with it.
- Romani, Roberto (2018). Sensibilities of the Risorgimento: Reason and Passions in Political Thought. BRILL. pp. 147–157.
- Finn, Margot C. (2003). After Chartism: Class and Nation in English Radical Politics 1848-1874. Cambridge University Press. p. 200.
- Finn, Margot C. (2003). After Chartism: Class and Nation in English Radical Politics 1848-1874. Cambridge University Press. pp. 170–176.
- Biography at cronologia.it (in Italian)