Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

national anthem of Venezuela

"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" (Glory to the Brave People) was adopted as Venezuela's national anthem by President Antonio Guzmán Blanco on May 25, 1881. The lyrics were written by the physician and journalist Vicente Salias in 1810. The music was later composed by musician Juan José Landaeta. It is said, however, that the melody has been known since 1840 as La Marsellesa Venezolana (Venezuelan Marseillaise), in reference to its subtle similarity to the French national anthem.

"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo"
English: "Glory to the Brave People"
National anthem ofVenezuela
Also known asLa Marsellesa Venezolana
English: Venezuelan Marseillaise
LyricsVicente Salias, 1810
MusicJuan José Landaeta
Adopted1881
Music sample

Some recent investigations have suggested that the real author of the anthem was Andrés Bello, and not Salias, to whom it was originally credited, and the music was composed by another musician called Lino Gallardo.[source?] However, this theory has yet to be proven, and lacks any real recognition among the general Venezuelan population, historians, or otherwise.

LyricsEdit

Spanish

— Coro —
Gloria al bravo pueblo
que el yugo lanzó,
la Ley respetando
la virtud y honor.
(repeat all)
— I —
¡Abajo cadenas! (2x)
Gritaba el señor; (2x)
y el pobre en su choza
libertad pidió.
A este santo nombre
tembló de pavor
el vil egoísmo
que otra vez triunfó.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Coro)
— II —
Gritemos con brío (2x)
¡Muera la opresión! (2x)
Compatriotas fieles,
la fuerza es la unión;
y desde el empíreo,
el Supremo Autor
un sublime aliento
al pueblo infundió.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Coro)
— III —
Unida con lazos (2x)
que el cielo formó, (2x)
la América toda
existe en nación;
y si el despotismo
levanta la voz
seguid el ejemplo
que Caracas dio.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Coro)

English

— Chorus —
Glory to the brave people
who shook off the yoke,
The law respecting,
virtue and honour.
(repeat all)
— I —
“Down with chains!” (2x)
The man yelled; (2x)
And the poor man in his hovel
For Freedom implored.
Upon this holy name
Trembled in great dread
The vile selfishness
That had once prevailed.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Chorus)
— II —
Let’s scream out aloud: (2x)
"Death to oppression!" (2x)
Oh, loyal countrymen:
Strength is in unity;
And from the Empyrean
The Supreme Author
A sublime spirit
To the people blew.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Chorus)
— III —
United by bonds (2x)
That Heaven has formed, (2x)
The entire America
Exists as a Nation;
And if ever despotism
Raises again its voice,
Then follow the example
That Caracas gave.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Chorus)

IPA transcription

ˈgloɾja al ˈbɾaβo ˈpweβlo
ke el ˈʝ̞uɣo lanˈso
la ˈlei respeˈtaŋdo
la biɾˈtuð i oˈnoɾ
 
aˈβaho kaˈðenaj
gɾiˈtaβa el seˈɲoɾ
i el ˈpoβɾe en su ˈʧosa
liβeɾˈtað piˈðjo
a ˈeste ˈsanto ˈnombɾe
temˈblo ðe paˈβoɾ11
el bil eɣoˈismo
ke ˈotɾa βej tɾjuɱˈfo
 
(Ref x2)
 
gɾiˈtemoj kon̟ ˈbɾio
ˈmweɾa la opɾeˈsjon
kompaˈtɾjotaj ˈfjelej
la ˈfweɾsa es la uˈnjon
i ˈdesðe el emˈpiɾeo
el suˈpɾemo auˈtoɾ
un ˈsuβlime aˈljen̪to
al ˈpweβlo iɱfun̪ˈdjo
 
(Ref x2)
 
uˈniða kon̟ ˈlasos
ke el ˈsjelo foɾˈmo
la aˈmeɾika ˈtoða
ekˈsiste en naˈsjon
i si el despoˈtismo
leˈβanta la βoj
seˈɣið el eˈhemplo
ke kaˈɾakah ˈðj.o

UsageEdit

The Venezuelan national anthem is played every day on radio and television broadcasts at 12:00 am, 6:00 am and 12:00 pm (either the full version or the chorus, first stanza and chorus) on all national TV networks. On radio broadcasts, the state anthem is played after the national anthem, which is also the case in state TV stations.[source?]

In most occasions, only the chorus, first stanza and the chorus are played or even the chorus itself. Sometimes the chorus is played twice in the beginning, and once in the rest of the anthem. In formal events (if the anthem will be played by either a military band, concert band or orchestra) the format is: Chorus (2x), First verse and Chorus (2x), with the optional introduction. If played in full the chorus is sung twice, with or without the introductiory notes.

References and notesEdit

Other websitesEdit