Greenwich  is a district of London. It is in the Borough of Greenwich, about 8.9 km east south-east of Charing Cross. The Royal Observatory there is the basis for the Greenwich Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Royal Observatory, Greenwich
One-time Coat of arms of Greenwich
|Greenwich shown within Greater London|
|Population||30,578 (Peninsula and Greenwich West wards 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Charing Cross||5.5 mi (8.9 km) WNW|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Greenwich is a town with a long history. It became the site of a royal palace, the Palace of Placentia, from the 15th century. This was the birthplace of many members of the Tudor dynasty, including Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. The palace became ruined during the English Civil War. It was rebuilt as a hospital by Sir Christopher Wren. These buildings became the a military college in 1873, which lasted until 1998. The town became a popular resort in the 17th century. Many rich houses were built there, such as Vanbrugh Castle (1717). Estates were built above the town centre.
World heritage siteEdit
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria||Cultural: i, ii, iv, vi|
|Inscription||1997 (21st Session)|
|Area||109.5 hectares (271 acres)|
|Buffer zone||174.85 hectares (432.1 acres)|
Maritime Greenwich is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is on the River Thames. The site includes buildings along the riverfront, and surrounding the 17th century Queen's House. The group include the complex of the Royal Hospital for Seamen, the Royal Observatory and the Royal Park.
The Royal Hospital was laid out to a master plan created by Christopher Wren. The hospital complex was built over many decades. Other architects who added to this long-term project included Nicholas Hawksmoor.
The Royal Observatory is now the baseline for the world's time zone system and for the measurement of longitude around the globe.
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- Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (2nd edition ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. ISBN 0-582-36467-1.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
- Jones, Daniel (1997). English Pronouncing Dictionary (15th edition ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45903-6.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
- Collins English Dictionary (3rd updated edition ed.). HarperCollins. 1994. ISBN 0-00-470678-1.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
- UNESCO, "Maritime Greenwich"; retrieved 2012-4-19.
- These buildings became home to the Royal Naval College from 1873 to 1998.
- London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, "Greenwich Park"; retrieved 2012-4-25.