Japanese era from April 1704 to June 1711

Hōei (宝永) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Genroku and before Shōtoku. This period started in March 1704 and ended in April 1711.[1] During this time, the emperors were Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇)[2] and Nakamikado-tennō (中御門天皇).[3]

Events of the Hōei era

In the 7th year of Hōei, the Ryukyan mission to Edo was received by the shogun
Coin minted in the Hōei era
  • 11 November 1707 (Hōei 4, 14th day of the 10th month): 1707 Hōei earthquake, also called the "Great Hōei Earthquake".[4]
  • 16 December 1707 (Hōei 4, 23nd day of the 11th month): After the eruption of Mount Fuji,[5] cinders and ash fell like rain in Izu, Kai, Sagami, and Musashi.[6]
  • 1708 (Hōei 5): The shogunate introduces new copper coins into circulation; and each coin is marked with the Hōei nengō name (Hōei Tsubo).[6]
  • 28 April 1708 (Hōei 5, 8th day of the 3rd month): There was a great fire in Heian-kyō.[6]
  • 19 February 1709 (Hōei 6, 10th day of the 1st month): Shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi died.[6]
  • 1709 (Hōei 6, 4th month): Tokugawa Ienobu became the head of the Tokugawa shogunate.[6]
  • 7 August 1709 (Hōei 6, 2nd day of the 7th month): Emperor Higashiyama abdicated; and his son received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Nakamikado's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[7]
  • 16 January 1710 (Hōei 6, 17th day of the 12th month): Former-Emperor Higashiyama died.[8]
  • 7 July 1710-22 March 1711 (Hōei 7, 11th day of the 6th month – Shōtoku 1, 4th day of the 2nd month): Diplomatic mission from Ryukyuan Kingdom was received in Edo.[9]


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōei" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 338.
  2. Nussbaum, "Higashiyama Tennō," p. 310.
  3. Nussbaum, "Nakamikado Tennō," p. 690; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 415-416.
  4. Titsingh, p. 415.
  5. Shizuoka University website Archived 2020-02-16 at the Wayback Machine: 宝永四年(1707)噴火 (in Japanese) Archived 2017-08-12 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-12-12.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Titsingh, p. 416.
  7. Titsingh, p. 73; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
  8. Titsingh, p. 416; Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Kunaichō, 東山天皇 (113); retrieved 2012-5-27.
  9. National Archives of Japan: Ryūkyū Chuzano ryoshisha tojogyoretsu (Procession of Ryūkyū mission in Edo), 1710 Archived 2012-05-09 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-12-12.

Other websites

Hōei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: