Tokugawa shogunate

1603–1868 Japanese military government

The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府), and the Edo bakufu (江戸幕府), was a feudal Japanese military government.[2] The heads of government were the shoguns.[3] Each was a member of the Tokugawa clan.[4]

Tokugawa shogunate
徳川幕府
1603–1868
Flag of Tokugawa shogunate
Flag
Mon of Tokugawa family of Tokugawa shogunate
Mon of Tokugawa family
Location of Tokugawa shogunate
CapitalEdo
Government
• Emperor
Go-Yōzei (first)
Meiji (last)
• Shōgun
Tokugawa Ieyasu (first)
Tokugawa Yoshinobu (last)
Establishment
• Battle of Sekigahara
21 October 1600[1]
• Shogunate established by Tokugawa Ieyasu
1603
3 January 1868
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Azuchi–Momoyama period
Tokugawa clan
Empire of Japan
Republic of Ezo
The Tokugawa Shogunate had its center in Edo castle.

These years are known as the Edo period. The period takes its name from the city where the Tokugawa shoguns lived.[5] This time is also called the Tokugawa period[2] or pre-modern (Kinsei).[6]

History

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In 1603, Tokugawa Ieyasu took office as Shogun, and established a military government in Edo, now Tokyo.[2]

List of the Tokugawa shoguns

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  1. Tokugawa Ieyasu, r. 1603–1605[7]
  2. Tokugawa Hidetada, r. 1605–1623[4]
  3. Tokugawa Iemitsu, r. 1623–1651[4]
  4. Tokugawa Ietsuna, r. 1651–1680[8]
  5. Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, r. 1680–1709[9]
  6. Tokugawa Ienobu, r. 1709–1712[8]
  7. Tokugawa Ietsugu, r. 1713–1716[2]
  8. Tokugawa Yoshimune, r. 1716–1745[9]
  9. Tokugawa Ieshige, r. 1745–1760[8]
  10. Tokugawa Ieharu, r. 1760–1786[4]
  11. Tokugawa Ienari, r. 1787–1837[8]
  12. Tokugawa Ieyoshi, r. 1837–1853[2]
  13. Tokugawa Iesada, r. 1853–1858[8]
  14. Tokugawa Iemochi, r. 1858–1866[8]
  15. Tokugawa Yoshinobu, r. 1866–1867[10]
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References

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The hollyhock symbol of the Tokugawa family.
  1. "The Story of the Battle of Sekigahara". Retrieved 2021-05-28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 978. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  3. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. pp. 878–879. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 976. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  5. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  6. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 525. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  7. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. pp. 977–978. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 977. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 979. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  10. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. pp. 979–780. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.

Other websites

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  Media related to Tokugawa Shoguns at Wikimedia Commons