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Hōtoku (宝徳) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Bun'an and before Kyotoku. This period started in July 1449 and ended in July 1452.[1] During this time, the emperor was Go-Hanazono-tennō (後花園天皇).[2]

Events of the Hōtoku eraEdit

Portrait of Ashikaga Yoshimasa who was honored by the emperor in the 1st year of Hōtoku
  • 8 May 1449 (Hōtoku 1, 16th day of the 4th month): Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa is honored with the gift of a sword from the emperor.[3]
  • 1451 (Hōtoku 3, 8th month ): Shogun Yoshimasa sent a letter to the Emperor of China.[4]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōtoku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 360.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Hanazono Tennō," p. 252; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 331-347.
  3. Titsingh, p. 345.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Titsingh, p. 346; Satow, Ernest. (1882) "Notes on Loochoo" in Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, Vols. 1-2, p. 1, citing Arai Hakuseki. The Ryukyuan embassy in Edo was mentioned in an 1832 French translation of Sangoku Tsūran Zusetsu (三国通覧図説, An Illustrated Description of Three Countries) by Hayashi Shihei -- see Klaproth, Julius. (1832). San kokf tsou ran to sets, ou Aperçu général des trois royaumes, pp. 176.

Other websitesEdit

Hōtoku 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1449 1450 1451 1452
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: