Open main menu

Haute-Savoie is a département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southeastern France, bordering Switzerland and Italy.

Upper Savoy

Haute-Savoie
Prefecture building of the Haute-Savoie department, in Annecy
Prefecture building of the Haute-Savoie department, in Annecy
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Savoie in France
Location of Haute-Savoie in France
Coordinates: 46°00′N 06°20′E / 46.000°N 6.333°E / 46.000; 6.333Coordinates: 46°00′N 06°20′E / 46.000°N 6.333°E / 46.000; 6.333
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département1860
PrefectureAnnecy
SubprefecturesBonneville, Saint-Julien-en-Genevois, Thonon-les-Bains
Government
 • PresidentChristian Montei[1]
Area
 • Total4,387.8 km2 (1,694.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total783,127
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Haut-Savoyards
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-74
Arrondissements4
Cantons17
Communes281
Websitewww.hautesavoie.fr

NameEdit

Before 1860, the territory of the modern Haute-Savoie and Savoie departments had been part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, as a Duchy, since 1713. Annexation of the region by France was made in 1860. In that year, the Emperor Napoléon III divided the territory in two departments: Savoie, to the south, with the city of Chambéry, and Haute-Savoie, to the north, with the city of Annecy.

Haute ("High") in the name Haute-Savoie is not because of the altitude but because of its position, to the north, in the territory.

HistoryEdit

The department of Haute-Savoie was created in 1860 from the northern part of the Duchy of Sardinia with four arrondissements: Annecy, Bonneville, Saint-Julien and Thonon. The capital was Annecy.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Saint-Julien was eliminated but became again an arrondissement in 1933.[4]

During World War II, the department was occupied by the fascist Italy, from November 1942 to September 1943.

GeographyEdit

The Haute-Savoie is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 4,387.8 km2 (1,694 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with the Ain and Savoie departments, both in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, and with Switzerland and Italy.

In the territory of the department is a part of the Mont Blanc massif, on the border with Italy. The average altitude of the department is of about 1,160 m (3,810 ft). The highest point in the department is Mont Blanc (45°49′58″N 6°51′53″E / 45.83278°N 6.86472°E / 45.83278; 6.86472 (Mont Blanc); it is 4,810 m (15,781 ft) high, the highest point of France, Italy and of Western Europe.[5]

The Haute-Savoie department is within the watershed of the Rhône river but with short rivers. There are two important lakes in the department: the Lake Geneva, shared with Switzerland, and the Lake Annecy.

ClimateEdit

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Annecy is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

AdministrationEdit

Haute-Savoie is managed by the Departmental Council of Haute-Savoie in Annecy. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisionsEdit

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 281 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Savoie.[7]

Arrondissements of the Haute-Savoie
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
741 Annecy Annecy 276,382 1,261.6 219.1 80
742 Bonneville Bonneville 184,093 1,558.2 118.1 61
743 Saint-Julien-en-Genevois Saint-Julien-en-Genevois 180,562 660.3 273.5 72
744 Thonon-les-Bains Thonon-les-Bains 142,090 907.7 156.5 68

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Haute-Savoie department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Annecy-1 (7401)
  2. Annecy-2 (7402)
  3. Annecy-le-Vieux (7403)
  4. Annemasse (7404)
  5. Bonneville (7405)
  6. Cluses (7406)
  7. Évian-les-Bains (7407)
  8. Faverges (7408)
  9. Gaillard (7409)
  10. Le Mont-Blanc (7410)
  11. La Roche-sur-Foron (7411)
  12. Rumilly (7412)
  13. Saint-Julien-en-Genevois (7413)
  14. Sallanches (7414)
  15. Sciez (7415)
  16. Seynod (7416)
  17. Thonon-les-Bains (7417)

DemographicsEdit

The inhabitants of Haute-Savoie are known, in French, as Haut-Savoyards (women: Haut-Savoyardes).[11]

Haute-Savoie had a population, in 2014, of 783,127,[3] for a population density of 178.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Annecy, with 276,382 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Haute-Savoie

 

The communes in the department with more inhabitants are:

City Population
(2014)[8]
Arrondissement
Annecy 53,285 Annecy
Thonon-les-Bains 34,973 Thonon-les-Bains
Annemasse 34,953 Saint-Julien-en-Genevois
Seynod 20,955 Annecy
Annecy-le-Vieux 20,469 Annecy
Cluses 17,510 Bonneville
Cran-Gevrier 17,257 Annecy
Sallanches 15,754 Bonneville
Rumilly 14,836 Annecy
Saint-Julien-en-Genevois 13,253 Saint-Julien-en-Genevois

GalleryEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Commission Permanente". Département de la Haute-Savoie. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de la Haute-Savoie (74)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Haute-Savoie". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  5. "Mont Blanc, France/Italy". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  6. "Ville de Annecy" (in French). Annuaire des Mairies et Villes de France. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  7. "Département de la Haute-Savoie (74)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  9. "Département de la Haute-Savoie (74)) et Arrondissements". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  10. "Décret n° 2014-153 du 13 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Haute-Savoie" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  11. "Habitants du départment: Haute-Savoie" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2017.

Other websitesEdit