Henriette Adelaide of Savoy

Italian princess
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Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (6 November 1636 - 13 June 1676) was the wife of the Elector of Bavaria Ferdinand Maria. She had much influence and with her husband did much to improve the Electorate of Bavaria, her adopted country. She was a daughter of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy.

Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
[Electress of Bavaria
Consort27 September 1651 – 13 June 1676
Born(1636-11-06)6 November 1636
Castello del Valentino, Turin, Duchy of Savoy
Died13 June 1676(1676-06-13) (aged 39)
Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
SpouseFerdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Maria Anna Victoria, Dauphine of France
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
Joseph Clemens, Elector-Archbishop of Cologne
Violante Beatrice, Grand Princess of Tuscany
Full name
  • Enrichetta Adelaide Maria
  • Henriette Adelaide Marie
HouseHouse of Wittelsbach
House of Savoy
FatherVictor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
MotherChristine of France
ReligionRoman Catholicism

She was the older of twins. Her twin sister was Catherine Beatrice of Savoy. Her mother was Christine of France, daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. Christine was regent for her brother Charles Emmanuel II.

On 8 December 1650 she married Ferdinand Maria, future Elector of Bavaria. The next year Ferdinand Maria became Elector, when his father Maximilian died. Henriette Adelaide had a lot of influence on Bavarian politics, in favor of France. This led to her eldest daughter marrying the Grand Dauphin in 1680. She also had a great part in the building of Nymphenburg Palace and the Theatinerkirche.

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