Hokkaido Wolf

extinct subspecies of mammal

The Hokkaido wolf (Canis lupus hattai) is a subspecies of Gray Wolf. Scientists believe it became extinct in 1889. There are people who said to have seen some Hokkaido wolves after that year, but there is no proof that they actually did.

Canis lupus hattai
Taxidermied Ezo wolf at Hokkaido University Museum
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
C. l. hattai
Trinomial name
Canis lupus hattai
Range included Hokkaido and Sakhalin islands, the Kamchatka peninsula, and Iturup and Kunashir islands just to the east of Hokkaido in the Kuril archipelago.
  • C. l. rex (Pocock, 1935)[2]

In the Meiji Restoration in Japan, Japanese farmers wanted to have American-style ranches for raising livestock. A US farmer named Edwin Dun started to import livestock to Japan. When the wolves began attacking the livestock, the farmers started to kill them, by using poison.



  1. Kishida K (1931) Notes on the Yesso wolf, Lansania 3: 72–75
  2. Pocock, R.I. The races of Canis lupus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London for 1935, pt. 3, pp. 647-686, pIs. 2. September 12, 1935. (New: Canis lupus rex, C. i. arctos, C. I. orion.) DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1935.tb01687.x