Ingeborg Rapoport (September 2, 1912 – March 23, 2017) was a German pediatrician. She was an important figure in East German medicine and, at age 102, the oldest person to receive a Doctorate degree.
2 September 1912
|Died||23 March 2017
(East German 1952–1990)
|Alma mater||University of Hamburg
Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania
|Occupation||Physician and professor in East Germany|
|Known for||oldest person to receive a Ph.D. (age of 102)|
|Political party||Socialist Unity Party of Germany|
|Spouse(s)||Samuel Mitja Rapoport|
|Awards||Patriotic Order of Merit, National Prize of East Germany and other East German awards|
Rapoport studied medicine in Hamburg at the University of Hamburg in Nazi-Germany, but was denied a medical degree because her mother was Jewish. She fled Nazi persecution and immigrated to the United States in 1938, where she completed her education in medicine.
In the early 1950s, as a result of an investigation of her and her husband for un-American activities, she left the United States and eventually, after staying in Vienna for a year, moved to the GDR (East Germany). She became the first chair of neonatology in whole Germany and retired in 1973. She was a member of the Socialist Unity Party of East Germany.
Honors and awardsEdit
In East Germany, Rapoport received Habilitation in 1959. She was awarded the National Prize of East Germany as well as other awards. As a pediatrician, she helped to considerably reduce infant mortality in East Germany, which, during her active years was even lower than in West Germany.
In 2015, the Faculty of Medicine of Hamburg University corrected the injustice of the Nazi regime and awarded her a medical degree after an oral examination. She became the oldest person to receive a Doctorate degree at the age of 102.
Rapoport died on 23 March 2017 at her home in Berlin at the age of 104.
- Barbara Einhorn, "Heimkehren" nach Ostdeutschland, p. 59, 2000
- Prof. Dr. Roland R. Wauer, , Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin e.V. (DGKJ), August 31, 2012
- Einflussfaktoren auf das Geschlechtsverhältnis der Neugeborenen unter besonderer Betrachtung der Wirkung ionisierender Strahlung, see fig. 2; Retrieved on 13 May 2016.
- "Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, who earned doctorate 80 years after Nazis' denial, dies at 104". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
Media related to Ingeborg Rapoport at Wikimedia Commons