Java Sea

shallow sea between Java and Borneo, in Indonesia

The Java Sea is a large shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf. It is 320,000 km². It was formed as sea levels rose at the end of the last ice age.[1] The Java Sea is between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south; Sumatra to the west, and Sulawesi to the east. Karimata Strait to its northwest links it to the South China Sea.

Map of the Java Sea
Coast of Java Sea off Anyer.

Fishing is an important economic activity in the Java Sea. There are over 3,000 species of marine life in the area. A number of national parks are in the area such as Karimunjawa. The Thousand Islands are north of the mainland Jakarta. The area around the Java Sea is a popular tourist destination. Scuba diving lets people explore and photograph underwater caverns, wrecks, coral, sponges, and other marine life.

The Battle of the Java Sea, during February and March 1942, was one of the costliest naval battles of World War II. The naval forces of the Netherlands, Britain, Australia, and the U.S. were nearly completely destroyed trying to defend Java from Japanese attack.

References change

  1. "Pleistocene Sea Level Maps". The Field Museum. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-04-05. Retrieved 2012-06-11.

Other websites change

  Media related to Java Sea at Wikimedia Commons

5°S 110°E / 5°S 110°E / -5; 110