Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Emperor from 1705 till his death in 1711

Joseph I, (born July 26, 1678, Vienna, Austria—died April 17, 1711, Vienna), Holy Roman emperor from 1705, who unsuccessfully fought to retain the Spanish crown for the House of Habsburg. The eldest son of the emperor Leopold I, Joseph became king of Hungary in 1687 and king of the Romans, the imperial successor-designate, in 1690. When Charles II, the last Spanish Habsburg, died in 1700, Joseph supported the candidacy of his own younger brother Charles (the future emperor Charles VI) against the French king Louis XIV’s grandson Philip (later Philip V of Spain).

Joseph I
Holy Roman Emperor
Reign5 May 1705 – 17 April 1711
PredecessorLeopold I
SuccessorCharles VI
Born(1678-07-26)26 July 1678
Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire
Died17 April 1711(1711-04-17) (aged 32)
Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire
(m. 1696)
IssueMaria Josepha, Queen of Poland
Archduke Leopold Joseph
Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress
Full name
German: Joseph Jacob Ignaz Johann Anton Eustachius
HouseHouse of Habsburg
FatherLeopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherEleonore Magdalene of Neuburg
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureJoseph I's signature