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Julius Nyerere

Tanzanian politician and writer, first Prime Minister and President of Tanzania

Julius Kambarage Nyerere (April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999), also known as Mwalimu (teacher), was President of Tanzania from 1964 to 1985. He was born in Butiama, Tanganyika.

Julius Kambarage Nyerere
Julius Nyerere 1977.jpg
1st President of Tanzania
In office
29th October 1964 – 5th November 1985
Vice PresidentAbeid Karume
Aboud Jumbe
Ali Hassan Mwinyi
Prime MinisterRashidi Kawawa
Edward Sokoine
Cleopa Msuya
Edward Sokoine
Salim Ahmed Salim
Preceded byQueen Elizabeth II as Queen of Tanganyika
Abeid Karume as President of the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba
Succeeded byAli Hassan Mwinyi
President of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
In office
26 April 1964 – 29 October 1964
Vice PresidentAbeid Karume (First)
Rashidi Kawawa (Second)
President of Tanganyika
In office
9 December 1962 – 26 April 1964
Prime MinisterRashidi Kawawa
Personal details
Born
Kambarage Nyerere

(1922-04-13)13 April 1922
Butiama, Tanganyika
Died14 October 1999(1999-10-14) (aged 77)
London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Resting placeButiama, Tanzania
NationalityTanzanian
Political partyCCM (1977–1999)
TANU (1954–1977)
Spouse(s)
Maria (m. 1953–1999)
Children
ResidenceButiama
Alma materThe Makerere University(DipEd)
University of Edinburgh (MA)
ProfessionTeacher
AwardsLenin Peace Prize
Gandhi Peace Prize
Joliot-Curie Medal

Nyerere led Tanganyika to independence from the United Kingdom in 1961. He became the new country's first Prime Minister. The country became a republic in 1962. Nyerere was the country's first president. In 1964, Tanganyika united politically with Zanzibar and was renamed Tanzania. Nyerere was unopposed as the first president of the new country.

Nyerere used political repression against opponents. His attempt at using his socialist ideas of Ujamaa failed. This made Tanzania very poor and caused widespread starvation. He led the overthrow of Idi Amin's regime in Uganda.

Nyerere died of leukemia in London, England.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Kaufman, Michael T. (October 1999). "Julius Nyerere of Tanzania Dies; Preached African Socialism to the World". New York Times. Retrieved 2 October 2016.

Other websitesEdit