Karur is the administrative headquarters of Karur District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Karur is the district formed after independence and Located on the banks of River Amaravathi and River Kaveri, it has been ruled, at different times, by the Chera, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Hyder Ali, Carnatic kingdom, and the British. It is located at a distance of 420 kilometres (261 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai. Karur is the district located at the "heart" or center of Tamil Nadu.
Karur had a population of 262580 with a sex-ratio of 1,032 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 6,147 were under the age of six, constituting 3,162 males and 2,985 females.
Major industries in Karur include:
- its exported woven textiles, by hand loom or by power loom
- the TNPL - Tamil Nadu government-sponsored paper factory
- the Chettinad cement factory
- the EID Parry sugar factory
- worldwide export of bus body manufacturing
The two leading private rating banks have their headquarters in Karur: the Karur Vysya Bank (KVB) and the Lakshmi Vilas Bank (LVB).
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 Jan 2014.