Khatumo State

a political organization for the reer darawiish community

Khatumo or Khatumo state is a Beesha Darawiish unrecognized state in Horn Africa. It is inside Somalia. It borders Somaliland to the west, Federal Republic of Ethiopia to the south and Puntland to the east.[3] In 1991, when Somalia's government collapsed, the government of Khatumo was called NSUM. NSUM stands for National Somali Unionist Movement. In the next decade, it used to be called Northland State. Northland State areas were the areas claimed by the Khatumo government.[4] The name Khatumo means positive agreement. This name was chosen after local Dhulbahante clan leaders all agreed on creating the state in 2012.[5]

Khatumo State of Somalia

  • Dowlad Goboleedka Khaatumo ee Soomaaliya  (Somali)
  • ولاية خاتمة  (Arabic)
  • Wilāyat Arḍ al-Khatoum aṣ-Ṣūmāliyyah
Flag of Khatumo
Location of Khatumo
CapitalLas Anod (de jure), none (de facto)
9°8′N 48°25′E / 9.133°N 48.417°E / 9.133; 48.417
Largest cityLas Anod (de jure), none (de facto)
Official languages
Reer Darawiish[2]
GovernmentAutonomous presidential democracy
• President
• Vice President
Abdul Sulub
within Somalia
• Established
• 2014 estimate
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Calling code+252 (Somalia)


Most residents belong to the Dhulbahante tribe. Most Khatumites speak Somali. English and Arabic is also spoken and taught in schools. Khatumite media uses Standard Somali. Most Khatumites are Muslim. There are also other Harti clan members who live in the area.[6]


  1. "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  2. Adam, Asha Mohammed. Legitimizing Puntland: exploring Puntland’s hybrid political order. MS thesis. Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, 2018.
  3. Hirad, Abdighani. "Jubaland State of Somalia: a model state to Somalia." Wardheer News (2013).
  4. Barnes, C. "Somalia: Puntland’s Punted Polls." (2013).
  5. Lewis, Alexandra. "Between Somaliland and Puntland: Marginalization, Militarization and Conflicting Political Visions." (2017): 402-404.
  6. Hoehne, Markus Virgil. "The Rupture of Territoriality and the Diminishing Relevance of Cross‐cutting Ties in Somalia after 1990." Development and Change 47.6 (2016): 1379-1411.

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