Ludwig II of Bavaria

King of Bavaria
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Ludwig II (German: Ludwig der Zweite von Bayern; Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm; 25 August 1845 – 13 June 1886) was king of Bavaria from 1864 until shortly before his death (Bavaria is now part of Germany, but at that time it was a separate country). He is well known for his support for the composer Richard Wagner.

Ludwig II
Ludwig, c. 1874
King of Bavaria
Reign10 March 1864 – 13 June 1886
PredecessorMaximilian II
Prime Ministers
Born(1845-08-25)25 August 1845
Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died13 June 1886(1886-06-13) (aged 40)
Lake Starnberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Full name
Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm
FatherMaximilian II of Bavaria
MotherMarie of Prussia
ReligionRoman Catholic

He is often referred to as the Mad King Ludwig because his behaviour was very odd. For example, he would leave his castle by climbing out of the window instead of walking out of the door. He is sometimes referred to as the Swan King in English and der Märchenkönig (the Fairy tale King) in German. This is because he built several very expensive and fancy castles, the most famous one being Neuschwanstein.

It is not clear whether his death by drowning was suicide or whether he was murdered.

Today tourists from all over the world visit the castles that he built. They also visit the Bayreuth Festspielhaus for which he gave a lot of money towards the building.

King Ludwig II of Bavaria