La Vega Province

province of the Dominican Republic

La Vega is a Dominican province, in the central part of the country. Its capital city is Concepción de la Vega.

La Vega
Santo Cerro church in La Vega
Santo Cerro church in La Vega
Coat of arms of La Vega
Location of the La Vega Province
Location of the La Vega Province
Country Dominican Republic
Province since1844
SeatLa Vega
 • TypeSubdivisions
 • Body4 municipalities
7 municipal districts
 • Congresspersons1 Senator
8 Deputies
 • Total2,287.24 km2 (883.11 sq mi)
 • Total447,905
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (EST)
Area code1–809 1–829 1–849
ISO 3166-2DO-13
Postal Code41000

It was one of the first provinces in the country; it was one of the provinces created by the first constitution of the country in 1844. Its name has always been La Vega.

Name change

The province takes its name from its capital and most important city: Concepción de la Vega (usually called just La Vega). "La Vega" means "The Valley".

History change

The province was created in 1844 with the municipalities of La Vega, San Francisco de Macorís and Cotuí. In 1855, Moca was included in the province as a municipality.

In 1959, the province included the municipalities of La Vega, Constanza, Jarabacoa and Monseñor Nouel (the present Bonao, and the municipal district of Cayetano Germosén. The city of Concepción de La Vega was its capital.

In 1982, the province included the municipalities La Vega, Constanza and Jarabacoa, and the municipal district of Jima Abajo. In 1996, Jima Abajo became a municipality.

Tireo was made a municipal district in 1993, Rincón and Río Verde Arriba in 1998, El Ranchito and La Sabina in 2002, Buena Vista in 2004, Manabao in 2006, and Tavera in 2010.[1]

Location change

The La Vega province has the Santiago and Espaillat provinces to the north, the Hermanas Mirabal, Duarte and Sánchez Ramírez to the east, the Monseñor Nouel and San José de Ocoa provinces to the south and the Azua and San Juan provinces to the west.

Population change

In 2014 (last national census), there were 447,905 people living in the La Vega province, and 185,101 (41.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 195.4 persons/km².[2]

Its population represents 4.74% of the total population of the country. The province is ranked as the 5th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

As of 2016, the total estimated population of the province was 405,510.[3]

The largest city of the province is La Vega, its head municipality or capital. It has a population (in 2014) of 202,864 inhabitants.[2]

Geography change

The Constanza valley

The La Vega province has a total area of 2,292.5 square kilometres (885.1 square miles).[2] It has 4.7% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 6th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

The altitude of Concepción de la Vega, provincial capital, is 101 metres (331 feet).[4]

The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") is in the western part of the province. The "Valle de la Vega Real" ("Royal Valley"), the eastern part of the Cibao Valley, is in the eastern half of the province.

In the mountains, there are several valleys with an important production of vegetables and fruits. The 3 more important of these valleys are:

  1. Constanza
  2. Jarabacoa
  3. Tireo

The highest mountain in the province is Alto Bandera, 2,872 metres (9,423 feet) high.[5]

The main rivers of the province are the Yaque del Norte and Camú rivers.

The most important protected areas in the province are the Scientific Reserve Ébano Verde (Reserva Científica Ébano Verde) and the Scientific Reserve Valle Nuevo (Reserva Científica de Valle Nuevo).

Climate change

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year, but it is cooler on the mountains.

Municipalities change

There are 4 municipalities and 8 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[1] The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Municipalities of La Vega Province
Municipalities of the La Vega province
Municipal Districts (code) Population
Density Altitude
La Vega (130101) 202,864 410.9 493.7 89
Río Verde Arriba (130102) 23,109 67.2 343.9 154
El Ranchito (130103) 9,626 48.0 200.5 52
Tavera (130104) 12,490 115.9 107.8 380
Concepción de la Vega (130100) 248,089 642.1 386.4
Constanza (130201) 34,687 261.7 132.5 1177
Tireo (130202) 15,349 295.3 52.0 1233
La Sabina (130203) 9,016 293.4 30.7 1740
Constanza (130200)) 59,052 850.4 69.4
Jarabacoa (130301) 40,556 313.6 129.3 536
Buena Vista (130302) 12,232 98.0 124.8 557
Manabao (130303) 4,015 262.4 1.8 922
Jarabacoa (130300) 56,803 673.9 84.3
Jima Abajo (130401) 16,267 58.0 280.5 72
Rincón (130403) 13,994 68.1 205.5 86
Jima Abajo (130400) 30,261 126.1 240.0
La Vega province (130000) 447,905 2,292.4 195.4

Economy change

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture; the main products are coffee in the mountains, rice in the southern and eastern part of the province and cacao in the low mountains and those parts of the valley close to the mountains. Vegetables and fruits are very important in the valleys in the mountains.

Other important economic activity is cattle raising. There are several industries, especially textiles and food, in La Vega.

Tourism has become a very important economic activity, mainly in Jarabacoa and Constanza.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia. "Estamaciones y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2014" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  3. "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Archived from the original (XLS) on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  4. "Concepción de La Vega". Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  5. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. p. 38.