Laacher See

crater lake in Germany

Laacher See (literally: Lake Laach; German pronunciation: [ˈlaːxɐ ˈzeː]) is a volcanic caldera lake located in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.[1][2]

Laacher See
Lake Laach
Laacher See - Luftaufnahme.jpg
View of the caldera
Laacher See Lake Laach is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Laacher See Lake Laach
Laacher See
Lake Laach
Location in Germany
Laacher See Lake Laach is located in Germany
Laacher See Lake Laach
Laacher See
Lake Laach
Laacher See
Lake Laach (Germany)
LocationAhrweiler, Rhineland-Palatinate
Coordinates50°25′N 7°16′E / 50.417°N 7.267°E / 50.417; 7.267Coordinates: 50°25′N 7°16′E / 50.417°N 7.267°E / 50.417; 7.267
Typevolcanic caldera lake
Primary outflowsFulbert-Stollen (canal)
Basin countriesGermany
Surface area3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi)
Max. depth53 m (174 ft)
Surface elevation275 m (902 ft)
Dock of rental boats in the Laacher See.

The diameter is 2 km, and it is located 24 km from Koblenz, 8 km from Andernach and 37 km from Bonn. Its last volcanic eruption, which was a Plinian eruption, was around 11,000 years B.C., with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6, having the same magnitude as the Plinian eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991. It is part of the mountainous Eifel region, and the East Eifel Volcanic Region, which was formed after the collision of the African and Eurasian continents millions of years ago.[3][4][5] To the west of the lake is the Maria Laach Abbey, built in 1092 by Henry II of Laach, Count of the House of Luxembourg.

View of the Maria Laach Abbey.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Oppenheimer, Clive (2011). Eruptions that Shook the World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 216–217. ISBN 978-0-521-64112-8.
  2. de Klerk, Pim; et al. (2008). "Environmental impact of the Laacher See eruption at a large distance from the volcano: Integrated palaeoecological studies from Vorpommern (NE Germany)". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 270 (1–2): 196–214. Bibcode:2008PPP...270..196D. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.09.013.
  3. Bogaard, Paul van den (1995). "40Ar/39Ar ages of sanidine phenocrysts from Laacher See Tephra (12,900 yr BP): Chronostratigraphic and petrological significance". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 133 (1–2): 163–174. Bibcode:1995E&PSL.133..163V. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(95)00066-L.
  4. "Geo-Education and Geopark Implementation in the Vulkaneifel European Geopark/Vulkanland Eifel National Geopark". The Geological Society of America. 2011. Archived from the original on 2019-01-13. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  5. Reinig, Frederick; Wacker, Lukas; Jöris, Olaf; Oppenheimer, Clive; Guidobaldi, Giulia; Nievergelt, Daniel; et al. (30 June 2021). "Precise date for the Laacher See eruption synchronizes the Younger Dryas". Nature. 595 (7865): 66–69. Bibcode:2021Natur.595...66R. doi:10.1038/S41586-021-03608-X. ISSN 1476-4687. Wikidata Q107389873. [Measurements] firmly date the [Laacher See eruption] to 13,006 ± 9 calibrated years before present (BP; taken as AD 1950), which is more than a century earlier than previously accepted.

Other websitesEdit