Leon Cooper

American physicist

Leon N Cooper[1] (born February 28, 1930) is an American physicist. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics with John Bardeen and John Robert Schrieffer in 1972. He helped developed the BCS theory of superconductivity.[2][3]

Leon N Cooper
Nobel Laureate Leon Cooper in 2007.jpg
Cooper in 2007
Born (1930-02-28) February 28, 1930 (age 90)
Alma materColumbia University (B.A. 1951, M.A. 1953, Ph.D. 1954)
Known forSuperconductivity
Cooper pairs
AwardsNobel Prize in Physics (1972)
Comstock Prize in Physics (1968)
Scientific career
InstitutionsBrown University
Doctoral advisorRobert Serber

He is also the namesake of the Cooper pair and co-developer of the BCM theory of synaptic plasticity.[4]


  1. Many printed materials, including the Nobel Prize website, have referred to Cooper as "Leon Neil Cooper". However, the middle initial N does not stand for Neil, or for any other name. The correct form of the name is, thus, "Leon N Cooper", with no abbreviation dots
  2. "Superconductivity". CERN official website. CERN.
  3. Weinberg, Steven (February 2008). "From BSC to the LHC". CERN Courier. 48 (1): 17–21.
  4. Bienenstock, Elie (1982). "Theory for the development of neuron selectivity: orientation specificity and binocular interaction in visual cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 2 (1): 32–48. PMID 7054394.