Livorno

city in Italy

Livorno is a port city on the Ligurian Sea on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy.

Location of Livorno in Italy
Flag
coat of arms

HistoryEdit

Today, Livorno is known for the fortified town walls and for the small streets. Many foreigners moved to Livorno such as Jews, Armenians, Greeks, Dutch, and English. Some Moriscos (Muslim Spaniards forced to turn Catholic), much later, also moved to Livorno (from Spain and during the 18th century).

Main monumentsEdit

 
Piazza Grande in the 18th century: at left, the Palazzo del Governatore, at right the Dogana

Bridges, houses and streets, mostly from the neo-classical era are in the district of Livorno.

ExamplesEdit

The "Monumento dei quattro mori" ("Monument of the Four Turks"), dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici of Tuscany, is one of the most important monuments of Livorno.

 
Fortifications of Livorno in the 17th century

Another important monument is the old fortress which has 3 bastions called “Capitana”, “Ampolletta” and “Canaviglia”. It was made before the Renaissance.

CultureEdit

Politically, Livorno is one of the most left-leaning cities of Italy. The Communist Party of Italy was founded in Livorno on 21 January 1921.

EconomyEdit

Tuaca liqueur is produced in Livorno. The city also has a petrochemical industry.

SportEdit

Livorno has a football team in Serie A, A.S. Livorno Calcio.

LanguagesEdit

Livorno inhabitants speak a Tuscan dialect of Italian, called vernacolo.

ClimateEdit

Livorno has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification).

Sister citiesEdit

Important people from LivornoEdit

Other websitesEdit