French department

Loiret is a department in north-central France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the Loiret river, a tributary of Loire that is completely within the department.

Prefecture building of the Loiret department
Prefecture building of the Loiret department, in Orléans.
Flag of Loiret
Coat of arms of Loiret
Location of Loiret in France
Location of Loiret in France
Coordinates: 47°55′N 02°10′E / 47.917°N 2.167°E / 47.917; 2.167Coordinates: 47°55′N 02°10′E / 47.917°N 2.167°E / 47.917; 2.167
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
Département4 March 1790
SubprefecturesMontargis, Pithiviers
 • PresidentHugues Saury
 • Total6,775.2 km2 (2,615.9 sq mi)
 • Total669,737
 • Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-45
WebsiteOfficial website

Its prefecture is Orléans and there are two subprefectures: Montargis and Pithiviers.

History Edit

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Orléanais.

The new department had seven districts: Orléans, Beaugency, Neuville, Pithiviers, Montargis, Gien and Boiscommun. The capital (now prefecture) was Orléans.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Orléans, Gien, Montargis and Pithiviers.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Bavarian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gien and Pithiviers were eliminated but in 1942 Pithiviers became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography Edit

Loiret is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,775.2 km2 (2,616 sq mi).[2]

The department is bordered by the 7 departments in 3 regions:

The highest point of the department is in the place called Col des Étourneaux (47°32′0″N 2°41′49″E / 47.53333°N 2.69694°E / 47.53333; 2.69694), in the commune of Pierrefitte-ès-Bois, and that is 273 m (896 ft) above sea level; it is in northwestern Massif Central.[5]

The main rivers are:

  • Loire, that flows through the department from the southeast to the west.
  • Loiret, a short tributary of the Loire and that gives its name to the department.
  • Loing, 142 km long.
  • Cosson, 96.4 km long.
  • Essonne, 97 km long.

There are several natural regions in the Loiret department:

  1. The Loire Valley, the valley around the Loire river.
  2. Beauce, to the northwest of the department; it is a limestone plateau and an important farming region where wheat is grown.
  3. Gâtinais, to the east around the city of Montargis.
  4. The Forêt d'Orléans ("Forest of Orléans"), the largest national forest of France; it is to the north of the Loire river and to the south of the Beauce region.
  5. Sologne, south of the Loire river.
  6. Berry (a small part), to the southeast.
  7. Puisaye, between the Berry and the Gâtinais.

Climate Edit

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Orléans is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Orléans is 599.4 mm (23.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 58.4 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is March with an average of 38.1 mm (1.5 in).

The average temperature for the year in Orléans is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).

Administration Edit

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Loiret in Orléans. Loiret is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions Edit

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 326 communes (municipalities) in Loiret.[7]

Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
451 Montargis Montargis 170,781 2,631.3 64.9 126
452 Orléans Orléans 435,676 2,945.8 147.9 121
453 Pithiviers Pithiviers 63,280 1,198.1 52.8 79

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

Demographics Edit

The inhabitants of Loiret are known, in French, as Loiretains (women: Loiretaines).[11]

Loiret has a population, in 2014, of 669,737,[3] for a population density of 98.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Orléans, with 435,676 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[8]

Evolution of the population in Loiret

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
Orléans 114,977 Orléans
Olivet 21,192 Orléans
Fleury-les-Aubrais 20,791 Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-Braye 19,804 Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle 16,415 Orléans
Saran 15,686 Orléans
Gien 14,617 Montargis
Montargis 13,997 Montargis
Amilly 12,672 Montargis
Châlette-sur-Loing 12,643 Montargis
La Chapelle-Saint-Mesmin 10,117 Orléans

Gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. "Hugues Saury" (in French). Département du Loiret. Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Loiret (45) - Résumé statistique". Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique du Loiret". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  5. "Loiret High Point, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  6. "Orleans, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  7. "Département du Loiret (45)". Géographie administrative et d'étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  9. "Département du Loiret (45)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  10. "Décret n° 2014-244 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Loiret" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  11. "Loiret" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 13 August 2017.

Related pages Edit

Other websites Edit