Louis XVIII of France

Bourbon King of France and of Navarre
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Louis XVIII, the desired (1755– 1824), king of France from April 1814 to March 1815 and again from July 1815 to September 1824. He ascended the throne in the Bourbon Restoration of the monarchy after the overthrow of Napoleon I and ruled a constitutional monarchy.

Gérard - Louis XVIII of France in Coronation Robes.jpg
Portrait by François Gérard
King of France
Reign6 April 1814 – 20 March 1815[1]
PredecessorNapoleon I as Emperor
SuccessorNapoleon I
Reign8 July 1815 – 16 September 1824
PredecessorNapoleon I
SuccessorCharles X
Prime Ministers
Born(1755-11-17)17 November 1755
Palace of Versailles, Kingdom of France
Died16 September 1824(1824-09-16) (aged 68)
Louvre Palace, Paris, Kingdom of France
SpouseMarie Joséphine of Savoy
Full name
French: Louis Stanislas Xavier de France
FatherLouis, Dauphin of France
MotherMaria Josepha of Saxony
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureLouis XVIII's signature

Born in Versailles, he was the brother of Louis XVI of France and in early life was known as the comte de Provence. He remained in Paris after the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 but escaped to Belgium two years later. After Louis XVI's execution in 1793 he proclaimed himself regent, and after the death of his brother's heir, Louis XVII, in 1795, he took the title Louis XVIII. He lived as an exile in various European countries until he became king after Napoleon's first abdication in 1814. On Napoleon's return to power in 1815, however, Louis again fled to Belgium; later the same year he was restored to the throne after Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo. The Charter, or constitution, that he promulgated in 1814 established a bicameral legislature, property qualifications for voters, and limitations on freedom of the press.


  1. In his official acts as king, Louis XVIII dated the years of his reign from 1795, when his nephew Louis XVII died.

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