Maharana Pratap

16th century ruler of Mewar, India

Pratap Singh was a Hindu Rajput king of Mewar, Rajasthan. He had 11 wives and 17 children in total. His capital was at Udaipur.

Pratap Singh I
Maharana of Mewar
RajaRaviVarma MaharanaPratap.jpg
Raja Ravi Verma draws Maharana Pratap picture.
Mewari Rana
Reign1 March 1572 - 19 January 1597
PredecessorUdai Singh II
SuccessorAmar Singh I
BornPratap Singh Sisodia
(1540-05-09)May 9, 1540
Kumbhalgarh Fort, Mewar, Rajasthan
Died(1597-01-19)January 19, 1597
Chawand, Udaipur, Rajasthan
Issue
  • Amar Singh
  • Bhagwan Das
  • Nattha
  • Poora
  • Jaswant Singh
  • Ratalya
  • Gajj
  • Klingu
  • Raibhana
  • Kalyanadas
  • Kalla
  • Sanvaldas
  • Durjan Singh
  • Sasha Kanwar
  • Gopal Singh
  • Chanda Kanwar
  • Shikha Kanwar
  • Hatthi Sisodia
  • Ram Singh
Full name
Maharana Pratap Singh Sisodia
FatherUdai Singh
MotherJaiwanta Bai
ReligionHinduism

Maharana Pratap was born in the Kumbhalgarh of Mewar on 9 May 1540. Akbar who was expanding the imperial Mughal Empire decided to conquer Rajputana. He set off with the imperial Mughal army from Delhi and marched towards Mewar intent on conquering it and especially capturing Pratap's capital of Udaipur. He met with Pratap's army at the Battle of Haldighati and the battle ensued. The battle resulted in a shattering defeat for Pratap and most of his army was massacred however Pratap himself managed to flee into the jungles. The Mughals then marched into and captured Udaipur and subsequently most of Mewar. In order to sue for peace, Pratap gave his daughter Jodhabai in marriage to Mughal governor of Ajmer, Hussain Khan, as a gift. After more military operations of Mughal governors, the Mughals finally managed to achieve their goal and bring all of Mewar under their direct control. Mewar was annexed into the Mughal Empire and Mughal Emperor Akbar retired to Agra and then to the capital Delhi. During this time, Maharana Pratap was still hiding in the jungles and occasionally from time to time attacking Mughal outposts and caravans passing by. He started looting caravans however he lost all hope when all the military outposts in Mewar were captured by the Mughals. He died in Chavand on 19 January 1597 at the age of 56, when he tripped down a steep hill while hunting a lion.