Martin Heidegger

German philosopher (1889–1976)

Martin Heidegger (26 September 1889 – 26 May 1976)[1] was a German philosopher.

Martin Heidegger
BornSeptember 26, 1889
Meßkirch, Germany
DiedMay 26, 1976(1976-05-26) (aged 86)
Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern Philosophy
SchoolPhenomenology · Hermeneutics · Existentialism · Deconstruction
Main interests
Ontology · Metaphysics · Art · Greek philosophy · Technology · Language · Poetry  · Thinking
Notable ideas
Dasein · Gestell · Heideggerian terminology

His best known book, Being and Time, is considered one of the most important philosophical works of the 20th century.[2][3] It is a very difficult book, even for the German reader.

The Mesmerhaus in Meßkirch, where Heidegger grew up
Martin Heidegger´s grave in Meßkirch

In it, and later works, Heidegger maintained that our way of questioning defines our nature. But philosophy, western civilization's chief way of questioning, has lost its way. Finding ourselves "always already" fallen in a world of presuppositions, we lose touch with what being was before its truth became "muddled".[4] As a solution to this condition, Heidegger advocated a return to practical life in the world, allowing it to reveal, or "unconceal" itself.


  1. pronounced [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ]
  2. Heidegger, Martin 2008. Being and time. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-157559-3
  3. Lackey, Douglas. 1999. What are the modern classics? The Baruch poll of great philosophy in the twentieth century. Philosophical Forum. 30 (4): 329-46
  4. Heidegger, Martin. 2001. Poetry, language, thought. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-093728-9