Mississippian culture

mound-building Native American culture in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States

Mississippian culture is the culture of the Mississippian people. They were Native Americans who lived in the Mississippi River Valley. Around 900–1450 AD, the Mississippian culture developed and spread through the Eastern Woodlands.[1] Mississippian people were most often farmers who settled into river valleys and grew the "three sisters" of corn, beans and squash.[2]

Approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures

The Mississippian peoples lived throughout the Southeast and Midwest, an area from the Florida panhandle westward into Oklahoma, northward to Minnesota and eastward to Ohio.[3]


  1. King, Adam. "Mississippian period: overview." New Georgia Encyclopedia. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/mississippian-period-overview
  2. Hirst, Chris. Mississippian culture - moundbuilder-horticulturalists of North America. http://archaeology.about.com/od/mississippiancivilization/qt/mississippian.htm
  3. Seppa, Nathan. 1997. Metropolitan life on the Mississippi. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/daily/march/12/cahokia.htm