Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

Longest reigning dictator of Pakistan (1924-1988)

General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد ضياء الحق‎; August 12, 1924 – August 17, 1988), was a Pakistani general officer and military dictator. He was the sixth President of Pakistan. He was president from 1978 until his death in 1988. [2][3]

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
محمد ضیاء الحق
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq 1982.jpg
Mohammed Zia-ul-Haq in 1982
6th President of Pakistan
In office
16 September 1978 – 17 August 1988
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Preceded byFazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Succeeded byGhulam Ishaq Khan
Personal details
Born(1924-08-12)12 August 1924
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died17 August 1988(1988-08-17) (aged 64)
Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Resting placeFaisal Masjid
NationalityBritish Indian (1924–1947) Pakistani (1947–1988)
Spouse(s)Begum Shafiq Zia (1950–1988; his death)[1]
Children5 (including Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq)
Alma materSt. Stephen's College, Delhi
United States Army Command and General Staff College
Military service
Allegiance British India
Branch/service British Indian Army
 Pakistan Army
Years of service1943–1988
RankOF-9 Pakistan Army.svg General
Unit22 Cavalry, Army Armoured Corps (PA – 1810)
Commands2nd Independent Armoured Brigade
1st Armoured Division
II Strike Corps
Chief of Army Staff
Battles/warsWorld War II
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Black September in Jordan
Soviet–Afghan War

Early lifeEdit

He was born in Jalandhar, Punjab. He died in a plane crash in Bahawalpur Punjab. Before he was president, he was chief martial law administrator from 1977, when martial law had been declared for the third time in the country's history.


His reign is regarded as one of the longest-serving regimes in Pakistan, as he ruled nine years. It was a very cruel and bad time for most Pakistani people. He also helped the United States in fighting against the Soviet Union during the Soviet war in Afghanistan and in the process, he ruined his own country also.[source?]


  1.\story_16-3-2008_pg3_3 Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq | president of Pakistan". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-06-22.
  3. Krishnan, Revathi (2019-08-17). "Zia-ul-Haq, the Stephanian Pakistani dictator who feared Indira Gandhi". ThePrint. Retrieved 2020-06-22.