President of Pakistan

Political position

The President of Pakistan (Urdu: صدر‎, Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. Pakistan has a parliamentary form of government. According to the Constitution, the President is chosen by the Electoral College to serve a five-year term. The electoral college is made up of the Senate, National Assembly, and the provincial assemblies.[1]

The position of president in Pakistan has usually been one of a figurehead. That is with real power being given to the Prime Minister. However the power of the president has changed over the years, due to the military changing the role.

HistoryEdit

In 1947, Pakistan became a dominion and part of the British Commonwealth with the British Monarch as head of state, represented by the Governor-General of Pakistan. In 1956 Pakistan established its first constitution and became a Republic, and the Queen and Governor-General were replaced by the president.

Pakistan's first president was Iskander Mirza, who was also the last Governor General. In 1958, he removed the constitution and declared martial law. A few weeks later, he was overthrown by General Ayub Khan, who then declared himself president. The constitution was changed and the president became the ruler of Pakistan. The constitution also said that the president be elected by the people. Elections were held in 1963, and Khan defeated Fatima Jinnah, sister of founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

List of presidents of PakistanEdit

Key for presidents list
Party name
Republican Party
Muslim League (C)
Armed Forces
Independent
Muslim League (Q)
Peoples Party
Muslim League (N)
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
  • We are [2]== List of presidents of Pakistan ==
No Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elections Took office Left office Political party Note
1   Iskander Mirza
(1899–1969)
 1958 Pakistani coup d'état 23 March 1956 27 October 1958 Republican Party
2   Ayub Khan (1907–1974)  1958 Pakistani coup d'état 27 October 1958 8 June 1962   Military Dictator
(2) 2 January 1965 8 June 1962 29 November 1963 Military Dictator Pakistan Muslim League (C)
  Mohammad Afzal Cheema
(1913–2008)
Acting
 — 1962 1963  Senior Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly 1962-1965
  Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry
(1919–1973)
Acting
 — 29 November 1963 12 June 1965 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
(2)   Ayub Khan
(1907–1974)
2 January 1965 12 June 1965 31 March 1969 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
3   Yahya Khan
(1917–1980)
 —Military Dictator 31 March 1969 20 December 1971  Military Dictator
4   Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
(1928–1979)
20 December 1971 20 December 1971 13 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
5   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
(1904–1982)
14 August 1973 14 August 1973 20 April 1978 Pakistan Peoples Party
  Sheikh Anwarul Haq
(1917–1995)
Acting
14 August 1973 20 April 1978 7 May 1978 Pakistan Peoples Party
(5)   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
(1904–1982)
14 August 1973 7 May 1978 16 September 1978 Pakistan Peoples Party
6   Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
(1924–1988)
 Military Dictator 16 September 1978 17 August 1988  Military Dictator
7 141x141px Ghulam Ishaq Khan
(1915–2006)
13 December 1988 17 August 1988 18 July 1993 Independent
  Wasim Sajjad
(1941– )
Acting
1995 Pakistani coup d'état attempt 18 July 1993 14 November 1993 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
8   Farooq Leghari
(1940–2010)
14 November 1993 14 November 1993 2 December 1997 Pakistan Peoples Party
  Wasim Sajjad
(1941– )
Acting
27 December 1997 1 January 1998 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
9   Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
(1929–)
31 December 1997 1999 Pakistani coup d'état 1 January 1998 20 June 2001 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
10   Pervez Musharraf
(1943– )
 Military Dictator 20 June 2001 6 October 2007 1 January 2004[n 1]
(10) 6 October 2007 6 October 2007 18 August 2008 Military Dictator Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
  Muhammad Mian Soomro
(1950– )
Acting
18 August 2008 9 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
11   Asif Ali Zardari
(1955– )
6 September 2008 9 September 2008 9 September 2013 Pakistan Peoples Party
12   Mamnoon Hussain
(1941– )
30 July 2013 9 September 2013 9 September 2018 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
13   Arif Alvi
(1949– )
4 September 2018 9 September 2018 Incumbent
(Term ends on 9 September 2023)
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

Living former PresidentsEdit

Present holder of the postEdit

The President is now Arif Alvi, a former dentist. He has been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since August 2018. Before, he was a member of the National Assembly from June 2013 to May 2018. He is a member of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, a moderate Party with democratic ideals.

NotesEdit

  1. Musharraf took vote of confidence from the electoral college of Pakistan and elected himself as a President of Pakistan.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. President of Pakistan: Official Website
  2. Z
  3. Waldman, Amy (2 January 2004). "Pakistan gives Musharraf confidence vote as president". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 January 2013.

Other websitesEdit