President of Pakistan

Political position

The President of Pakistan (Urdu: صدر‎, Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. Pakistan has a parliamentary form of government. According to the Constitution, the President is chosen by the Electoral College to serve a five-year term. The electoral college is made up of the Senate, National Assembly, and the provincial assemblies.[1]

The position of president in Pakistan has usually been one of a figurehead. That is with real power being given to the Prime Minister. However the power of the president has changed over the years, due to the military changing the role.

HistoryEdit

In 1947, Pakistan became a dominion and part of the British Commonwealth with the British Monarch as head of state, represented by the Governor-General of Pakistan. In 1956 Pakistan established its first constitution and became a Republic, and the Queen and Governor-General were replaced by the president.

Pakistan's first president was Iskander Mirza, who was also the last Governor General. In 1958, he removed the constitution and declared martial law. A few weeks later, he was overthrown by General Ayub Khan, who then declared himself president. The constitution was changed and the president became the ruler of Pakistan. The constitution also said that the president be elected by the people. Elections were held in 1963, and Khan defeated Fatima Jinnah, sister of founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.


List of presidents of PakistanEdit

No Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Elections Political party Note
Dominion of Pakistan 1947 to 1956
1 100px Muhammad Ali Jinnah

(1876–1948)

15 August 1947 11 September 1948

(died in office)

Pakistan Muslim League
2   Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin

(1894–1964)

14 September 1948 17 October 1951 Pakistan Muslim League
3   Sir Ghulam Muhammad

(1895–1956 )

17 October 1951 7 August 1955

(dismissed)

Independent
4   Iskander Mirza (1899–1969) 7 August 1955 23 March 1956

(became president)

Republican Party (Pakistan)
Islamic Republic of Pakistan (1956-)
4   Iskander Mirza (1899–1969) 23 March 1956 7 October 1958  1958 Pakistani coup d'état Republican Party
5 Abdul Wahab Khan

(1898–1972)

7 October 1958 7 October 1958 Independent
(4)   Iskander Mirza (1899–1969) 27 October 1958 27 October 1958 Independent
6   Ayub Khan (1907–1974) 27 October 1958 8 June 1962  1958 Pakistani coup d'état  Armed Forces
align="center" style="background-color: Template:Muslim League/meta/color" | 8 June 1962 31 March 1969 2 January 1965 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
7 Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry

( 1919–1973)

29 November 1963 12 June 1965  — Armed Forces 
8 Musa Khan

( 1908–1991)

12 June 1965 12 June 1965 Armed Forces
(6) align="center" style="background-color: Template:Muslim League/meta/color" |   Ayub Khan
(1907–1974)
12 June 1965 31 March 1969 2 January 1965 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
9   Yahya Khan
(1917–1980)
31 March 1969 2 December 1971  — Armed Forces 
10 Gul Hassan Khan

(1921–1999)

2 December 1971 5 December 1971 Armed Forces
11 Abdul Hamid Khan

(1917—1999)

5 December 1971 5 December 1971 Armed Forces
(9)   Yahya Khan

(1917–1980)

5 December 1971 20 December 1971 Armed Forces
12 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
(1928–1979)
20 December 1971 13 August 1973 20

December

1971

Pakistan Peoples Party
13 style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Nurul Amin

(1893–1974)

20 December 1971 20 December 1971 Pakistan Peoples Party
(12) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

(1928–1979)

20 December 1971 21 April 1972 Pakistan Peoples Party
(13) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Nurul Amin

(1893–1974)

21 April 1972 21 April 1972 Pakistan Peoples Party
(12) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

(1928–1979)

21 April 1972 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
14 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" |   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
(1904–1982)
14 August 1973 1 March 1976 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
15 Tikka Khan

(1904–1982)

1 March 1976 30 March 1976 Armed Forces
(14) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" |   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry

(1904–1982)

30 March 1976 20 April 1978 Pakistan Peoples Party
16 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Sheikh Anwarul Haq
(1917–1995)
20 April 1978 7 May 1978 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
(14) align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" |   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
(1904–1982)
7 May 1978 16 September 1978 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
17   Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
(1924–1988)
16 September 1978 17 August 1988  —  —
18 Ghulam Ishaq Khan

(1915–2006)

17 August 1988 17 August 1988 Independent
19 Mirza Aslam Beg

(1931—)

17 August 1988 19 August 1988 Armed Forces
20 Asif Nawaz Janjua

(1937– 1933)

19 August 1988 22 August 1988 Armed Forces
(18) Ghulam Ishaq Khan
(1915–2006)
22 August 1988 18 July 1993 13 December 1988 Independent
21 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Wasim Sajjad
(1941– )
18 July 1993 1 November 1993 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
22 Abdul Waheed Kakar

(1937—)

1 November 1993 12 November 1993 Armed Forces
(21) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | Wasim Sajjad

(1941– )

12 November 1993 14 November 1993 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
23 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Farooq Leghari
(1940–2010)
14 November 1993 1 July 1995 14 November 1993 Pakistan Peoples Party
24 style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Benazir Bhutto

(1953 – 2007)

1 July 1995 10 July 1995 1995 Pakistani coup d'état attempt Pakistan Peoples Party
25 Zahirul Islam Abbasi

(1943—2009)

10 July 1995 10 July 1995 Armed Forces
(22) Abdul Waheed Kakar

(1937—)

10 July 1995 11 July 1995 Armed Forces
26 Ali Kuli Khan Khattak

(1942 —)

11 July 1995 13 July 1995 Armed Forces
27 Jehangir Karamat

(1941—)

13 July 1995 14 July 1995 Armed Forces
(23) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Farooq Leghari

(1940–2010)

14 July 1995 2 December 1997 Pakistan Peoples Party
(21) align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Wasim Sajjad
(1941– )
27 December 1997 1 January 1998 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
28 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
(1929–)
1 January 1998 20 June 2001 31 December 1997 1999 Pakistani coup d'état Pakistan Muslim League (N)
29   Pervez Musharraf
(1943– )
20 June 2001 6 October 2007 1 January  —
style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | 6 October 2007 18 August 2008 6 October 2007 Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
30 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Muhammad Mian Soomro
(1950– )
18 August 2008 1 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
31 style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | Fahmida Mirza (1956) 1 September 2008 3 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
32 style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | Chaudhry Amir Hussain

(1942 – )

3 September 2008 4 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
(30) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Muhammad Mian Soomro

(1950– )

4 September 2008 9 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
33 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" |   Asif Ali Zardari
(1955– )
9 September 2008 1 September 2012 6 September 2008 Pakistan Peoples Party
34 style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" | Raheel Sharif

(born 1956)

1 September 2012 5 September 2012 Pakistan Peoples Party
(33) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Peoples Party/meta/color" |   Asif Ali Zardari

(1955– )

5 September 2012 9 September 2013 Pakistan Peoples Party
35 align="center" style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Mamnoon Hussain
(1941– )
9 September 2013 9 September 2018 30 July 2013 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
36 style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" | Ayaz Sadiq

(1951– )

9 November 2015 9 November 2015 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
(35) style="background-color: Template:Pakistan Muslim League (N)/meta/color" |   Mamnoon Hussain

(1941– )

9 September 2015 9 September 2018 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
37   Arif Alvi
(1949– )
9 September 2018 9 September 2019 4 September 2018 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
38 Asad Qaiser

(1969– )

9 September 2019 9 September 2019 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
(37)   Arif Alvi

(1949– )

9 September 2019 Incumbent

(Term ends on 9 September 2023)

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

Living former PresidentsEdit

Present holder of the postEdit

The President is now Arif Alvi, a former dentist. He has been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since August 2018. Before, he was a member of the National Assembly from June 2013 to May 2018. He is a member of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, a moderate Party with democratic ideals.

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

Other websitesEdit