Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan (1928–1979)
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Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (Urdu: ذوالفقار علی بھٹو, Sindhi: ذوالفقار علي ڀُٽو; January 5, 1928 – April 4, 1979) was a Pakistani politician. He was the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. He was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
ذوالفقار علی بھٹو
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
President of Pakistan
In office
December 20, 1971 – August 13, 1973
Preceded byYahya Khan
Succeeded byFazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
August 14, 1973 – July 5, 1977
Preceded byNurul Amin
Succeeded byMuhammad Khan Junejo
Personal details
BornJanuary 5, 1928
Larkana, British Raj
DiedApril 4, 1979 (aged 51)
Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Cause of deathExecuted
Political partyPakistan Peoples Party
Spouse(s)Nusrat Bhutto (m. 1951-1979, his death)
ChildrenBenazir Bhutto (dead)
Murtaza Bhutto (dead)
Sanam Bhutto
Shahnawaz Bhutto (dead)

He was educated at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States and Oxford University in the United Kingdom. Bhutto was executed by hanging in 1979 for ordering the murder of a political opponent. His execution was ordered by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Bhutto's supporters give him the honorific title Shaheed, the Urdu word for martyr. His name then becomes Shaheed-e-Azam Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto ("The Great Martyr") or sometimes Quaid-e-Awam (The Leader the Community).

He was married to Nusrat Bhutto (née Ispahnie) from 1951 until his death. Their elder daughter, Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007), was also Prime Minister of Pakistan, twice. The couple had three other children: son Murtaza Bhutto (1954-1996) daughter Sanam Bhutto (born 1957), and son Shahnawaz Bhutto (1958-1985).

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