Pervez Musharraf

President of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008

Syed Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: پرويز مشرف) (11 August 1943 – 5 February 2023) was a Pakistani politician and Four-star general of the Pakistan Army. He was a military dictator and the tenth President of Pakistan from 20 June 2001 to 18 August 2008, when he resigned to avoid impeachment. Previously, he was Chief Executive of Pakistan as well as former Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army.[1] He took over power in Pakistan in 1999, by removing the elected government of Nawaz Sharif.[2]

Pervez Musharraf
پرويز مشرف
10th President of Pakistan
In office
20 June 2001 – 18 August 2008
Prime MinisterZafarullah Khan Jamali
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Shaukat Aziz
Muhammad Mian Soomro
Yousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded byMuhammad Rafiq Tarar
Succeeded byMuhammad Mian Soomro (acting)
Chief Executive of Pakistan
In office
12 October 1999 – 20 June 2001
PresidentMuhammad Rafiq Tarar
Preceded byNawaz Sharif
Succeeded byZafarullah Khan Jamali
Personal details
Born(1943-08-11)11 August 1943
Delhi, British India
Died5 February 2023(2023-02-05) (aged 79)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Political partyPML-Q

He has charged with multiple murders in April 2013 and was given bail in October 2013. Then he was arrested again. In 2019, Musharraf was sentenced to death in absentia over his treason charges.[3][4][2]

Syed Pervez Musharraf was born on 11 August 1943 in Delhi, British India (present-day India) during the British Raj. Musharraf was raised in Karachi and Istanbul. He studied mathematics at Forman Christian College in Lahore and was also educated at the Royal College of Defence Studies in the United Kingdom. Musharraf entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961. He was Commissioned to the Pakistan Army in 1964. He played an active role in the Afghan Civil War. Musharraf saw action during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 as a second Lieutenant. By the 1980s, he was commanding an artillery brigade. In the 1990s, Musharraf was promoted to major general and assigned an infantry division. He later commanded the Special Services Group. Soon after, he served as Deputy military secretary and Director General of Military Operations.

Musharraf rose to national prominence when he was promoted to a Four-star general by Prime minister Nawaz Sharif in 1998. This made Musharraf the head of the armed forces. He led the Kargil infiltration that almost brought India and Pakistan to a full-fledged war in 1999.

On 5 February 2023, Musharraf died due to amyloidosis. He was 79.[5] He had been hospitalised a year prior due to the disease. His body is set to be returned to Pakistan from Dubai on 6 February.[6]

References change

  1. Carlotta Gall (28 November 2007). "Musharraf Quits Pakistani Army Post". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan's fugitive ex-leader: Profile". Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  3. "Pakistan court sentences Pervez Musharraf to death for treason". The Economic Times. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. "Pervez Musharraf Sentenced To Death In High Treason Case: Pak Media". Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  5. "Former Pakistan's President and Army General Pervez Musharraf passes away at the age of 79 in Dubai after prolonged illness". Hindustan Times. 5 February 2023.
  6. "Former Pakistan president Pervez Musharraf dies in Dubai after long illness". The Guardian. 5 February 2023. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 February 2023.