Noble gas

group of chemical elements in column 18 of the priodic table, that tend to be chemically inert and thus form odorless, colorless, monatomic gases with low reactivity; consists of helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, radon, and possibly oganesson

The noble gases are a group of elements that are all gases. These elements are all in group 18 of the periodic table. All of them are monatomic, meaning each molecule is a single atom. They almost never react with other elements.[1] This is because they have a full 8 electrons outer electron shell. There are six noble gases:

All of these gases are found in air. They make up around 0.96% of the atmosphere. Noble gas compounds can be formed from noble gases.

When the noble gases are used in cold cathode tubes to produce light, each of them has a different colour. Since Radon is radioactive, it is usually not used for lighting. Here are pictures of what the others look like:

Oganesson (element 118) is probably the next noble gas after Radon because it is the next box down in the same group. However it has a half life of 0.89 ms, after which it decays to Livermorium (Element 116). This means its use is probably limited.

Noble gases were discovered by Lord Rayleigh and Sir William Ramsay. Rayleigh won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1904 for his work on noble gas.[2] Ramsay won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 for his work with noble gas.[3]

References change

  1. Ozima, Minoru; Podosek, Frank A. (2002). Noble Gas Geochemistry. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80366-7.[permanent dead link]
  2. "Rayleigh, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron". from Chambers Biographical Dictionary. 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  3. "Ramsay, Sir William". Chambers Biographical Dictionary. 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2011.