Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken, Okinawan: Uchinaa-ken) is traditionally a prefecture in the Kyūshū region of Japan. Okinawa Prefecture is made up of islands which are southwest of the island of Kyushu. Recent government proposals recognize the prefecture as its own region.
|Area (rank)||2,271.30 km² (44th)|
|- % water||0.5%|
|Population (December 1, 2008)|
|- Population||1,379,338 (32nd)|
|- Density||606 /km²|
|- Flower||Deigo (Erythrina variegata)|
|- Tree||Pinus luchuensis (ryūkyūmatsu)|
|- Bird||Okinawa woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii)|
|- Fish||Banana Fish (Caesio diagramma,"Takasago", "Gurukun")|
Symbol of Okinawa Prefecture
|Template ■ Discussion|
- 1429: Shō Hashi founded the Ryūkyū Kingdom
- 1609: Shimazu of Satsuma Province invade Ryukyu Kingdom
- 1853: Commodore Mathew Perry and US Navy ships at Naha
- 1875 (Meiji 5): Ryūkyū Domain is created
- 1879 (Meiji 12): Okinawa Prefecture was established.
- 1945 (Shōwa 20): US administration after World War II
- 1953 (Shōwa 28): Partial reversion to Japan
- 1972 (Shōwa 47): Reversion to Japan
- 2000 (Heisei 12): 26th G8 summit at Kyushu and Okinawa
Okinawa Prefecture has eleven cities. Okinawan names are in parentheses.
- Ginowan (Jinoon)
- Ishigaki (Ishigachi)
- Itoman (Ichuman)
- Miyakojima (Naaku)
- Nago (Nagu)
- Naha (Naafa) (capital)
- Nanjō (Nanjoo)
- Okinawa (Uchinaa) (formerly Koza)
- Tomigusuku (Timigushiku)
- Urasoe (Urashii)
- Uruma (Uruma)
Towns and villagesEdit
These are the towns and villages in each district.
National Parks are established in about 19% of the total land area of the prefecture.
Shrines and TemplesEdit
Naminouegū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of the Ryukyu Islands. In 1890, the shrine was recognized in the system of State Shinto. It is among the ranked, nationally significant shrines or Kanpei-shōsha (官幣小社) which includes five sanctuaries.
- Kanno, Eiji. (1998). New Japan Solo, p. 397; excerpt, "Administratively, Okinawa is part of Kyushu Region, even though it is l .000 km (625 miles) southwest of Kagoshima."
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okinawa-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 746-747.
- Hook, Glenn D. (2011). Decoding Boundaries in Contemporary Japan: The Koizumi Administration and Beyond, pp. 145-146.
- Nussbaum, "Naha" at p. 686.
- Nussbaum, "Ryukyu Islands" at p. 801.
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): 26th G8 summit, overview.
- Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 127.
- List of Kankokuheisha (官国幣社), p. 3; retrieved 2012-8-26.