One World Trade Center

main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City

One World Trade Center (also known as One WTC or Freedom Tower) is the main building of the new World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The building is 1,776 feet (541 m) tall making it the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. Since late 2013, it is the tallest building in the United States. It opened in late 2014. It is mostly used for offices. People can view the city from an observatory near the top. The building was designed by David Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center cropped2.jpg
Alternative names
  • 1 WTC
  • Freedom Tower (pre-2009)[1]
Record height
Tallest in North America since 2013[I]
Preceded byWillis Tower
General information
StatusComplete
Type
  • Office
  • Observation
  • Communication
Architectural styleContemporary modern
Location285 Fulton Street
Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
Coordinates40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W / 40.713000°N 74.013500°W / 40.713000; -74.013500Coordinates: 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W / 40.713000°N 74.013500°W / 40.713000; -74.013500
Construction startedApril 27, 2006
Topped-outMay 10, 2013[12]
OpenedNovember 3, 2014[13][14]
May 29, 2015 (One World Observatory)[15]
CostUS$3.9 billiona[3][4]
Height
Architectural1,776 ft (541.3 m)[5][8]
Tip1,792 ft (546.2 m)[5]
Roof1,368 ft (417.0 m)[9]
Top floor1,268 ft (386.5 m)[5]
Observatory1,254 ft (382.2 m)[5]
Technical details
Floor count94 (+5 below ground floors)[5][6]
Floor area3,501,274 sq ft (325,279 m2)[5]
Lifts/elevators73,[5] made by ThyssenKrupp.[10]
Design and construction
Architect
DeveloperPort Authority of New York and New Jersey[5]
Structural engineerWSP Cantor Seinuk
Other designersHill International, The Louis Berger Group[11]
Main contractorTishman Construction
References
[5][7]
a. April 2012 estimate.
b. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

The building has the same name as the North Tower of the original World Trade Center, which was destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The building was built on the spot where the original 6 World Trade Center used to be.

Construction for the building started in 2006. On April 30, 2012, One World Trade Center became New York City's tallest structure, when it surpassed the height of the Empire State Building. On May 10, 2013, the last piece of the skyscraper's antenna was put on, making the building's height 1,776 feet (541 m). The height of the building was done on purpose to refer to the year when the Declaration of Independence was signed, 1776.

On March 26, 2009, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) said that the building would be officially known by its legal name of "One World Trade Center", rather than its colloquial name of "Freedom Tower".[16][17][18] The building has 94 stories, with the top floor numbered 104.

The new World Trade Center complex will have five high-rise office buildings built. The National September 11 Memorial & Museum, located just south of One World Trade Center where the original Twin Towers stood, was also built. The construction of the new building is part of an effort to memorialize and rebuild following the destruction of the original World Trade Center complex.

Height controversyEdit

On November 8, 2013, architects in Chicago and New York City began debating about the height of the One World Trade Center and the Willis Tower. They were saying that there was a possibility that the Willis Tower is taller than the One World Trade Center.

On November 12, a committee agreed that the antenna on top is part of the building, so One World Trade Center is taller than the Willis Tower.[19]

Even after removing the antennas from the measurement, One World Trade Center is about 325 feet (99 m) taller than the Willis Tower.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Westfeldt, Amy (March 26, 2009). "Freedom Tower has a new preferred name". Silverstein Properties. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
  2. "One World Trade Center". WTC.com. Silverstein Properties. September 16, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  3. Brennan, Morgan (April 30, 2012). "1 World Trade Center Officially New York's New Tallest Building". Forbes. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  4. Brown, Eliot (January 30, 2012). "Tower Rises, And So Does Its Price Tag". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 "One World Trade Center – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. September 11, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
  6. "Office Leasing". One World Trade Center. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  7. "One World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.. Retrieved January 17, 2012.
  8. "One World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
  9. "One World Trade Center to retake title of NYC's tallest building". Fox News. Associated Press. April 29, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2014.
  10. "Elevating One World Trade Center". ThyssenKrupp Elevator. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  11. "The Louis Berger Group and Hill International to Provide Program Management Services for Downtown Restoration Program and WTC Transportation Hub". Hill International, Inc. August 13, 2004. Archived from the original on March 31, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  12. Stanglin, Doug (May 10, 2013). "Spire permanently installed on WTC tower". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
  13. Moore, Jack (November 3, 2014). "World Trade Center Re-opens as Tallest Building in America". International Business Times. One World Trade Center. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
  14. Smith, Aaron (November 3, 2014). "One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, is open for business". money.cnn.com. CNN Money. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  15. "One World Trade Center Observatory Opens to Public". usnews.com. U.S. News. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  16. "Port Authority And Vantone Industrial Sign First Lease For One World Trade Center (The Freedom Tower)". PANYNJ.gov (Press release). March 26, 2009. Archived from the original on March 2, 2021. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  17. "Freedom Tower Will Be Called One World Trade Center". FoxNews.com. March 26, 2009. Archived from the original on February 28, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  18. Feiden, Douglas (March 27, 2009). "'Freedom' out at WTC: Port Authority says The Freedom Tower is now 1 World Trade Center". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  19. "One World Trade Center taller than Willis Tower". Examiner.com. Retrieved November 12, 2013.

Other websitesEdit