Oskar Lafontaine

German politician

Oskar Lafontaine (IPA: [ˈlafɔntɛn]; born 16 September 1943 in Saarlouis-Roden) is a left-wing German politician and a founder member of the new political party Die Linke.

Oskar Lafontaine
Lafontaine in 2017
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
16 November 1995 – 12 March 1999
General Secretary
Preceded byRudolf Scharping
Succeeded byGerhard Schröder
Leader of The Left
In office
16 June 2007 – 15 May 2010
Serving with Lothar Bisky
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byKlaus Ernst
Minister of Finance
In office
27 October 1998 – 18 March 1999
ChancellorGerhard Schröder
Preceded byTheodor Waigel
Succeeded byHans Eichel
Minister-President of the Saarland
In office
9 April 1985 – 9 November 1998
Preceded byWerner Zeyer
Succeeded byReinhard Klimmt
President of the Bundesrat
In office
1 November 1992 – 31 October 1993
First Vice PresidentBerndt Seite
Preceded byBerndt Seite
Succeeded byKlaus Wedemeier
Lord Mayor of Saarbrücken
In office
22 January 1976 – 9 April 1985
Preceded byFritz Schuster
Succeeded byHans-Jürgen Koebnick
Parliamentary constituencies
Member of the Landtag of Saarland
for Saarlouis
In office
23 September 2009 – 25 April 2022
Preceded bymulti-member district
Succeeded bymulti-member district
Member of the Bundestag
for Saarland
(North Rhine-Westphalia; 2005–2009)
In office
18 October 2005 – 1 February 2010
Preceded bymulti-member district
Succeeded byYvonne Ploetz
Member of the Bundestag
for Saarbrücken I
In office
26 October 1998 – 16 March 1999
Preceded byhimself (1994)
Succeeded byGudrun Roos
In office
15 November 1994 – 17 November 1994
Preceded byhimself (1990)[a]
Succeeded byElke Ferner
Member of the Landtag of Saarland
for Saarbrücken
In office
9 April 1985 – 9 November 1998
Preceded bymulti-member district
Succeeded byKarin Lawall
In office
13 July 1970 – 14 July 1975
Preceded bymulti-member district
Succeeded bymulti-member district
Personal details
Born (1943-09-16) 16 September 1943 (age 80)
Saarlautern, Saarland, Nazi Germany (now Saarlouis, Germany)
Political partyIndependent
Other political
The Left (2007–2022)
Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative (2005–2007)
Social Democratic Party (1966–2005)
  • Ingrid Bachert
    (m. 1967; div. 1982)
  • Margret Müller
    (m. 1982; div. 1988)
  • Christa Müller
    (m. 1993; div. 2013)
Alma materSaarland University
  • Politician
  • Publicist
  • Physicist
WebsiteOfficial website

Education and family change

Lafontaine studied physics at the Bonn University and the Saarland University from 1962 to 1969.

He is Roman Catholic and is married to Christa Müller who leads a campaign against genital mutilation in Africa. They have a son, Carl Maurice, born 1997.[1]

Career change

Political rise change

Lafontaine's political career began locally as mayor of Saarbrücken. He became widely known as a critic of chancellor Helmut Schmidt's support for the NATO plan to put Pershing II missiles in Germany. From 1985 to 1998 he was Minister-President of the Saarland. As minister-president, Lafontaine tried to keep the traditional industries of steel production and coal mining in the state with subsidies. He was also President of the Bundesrat in 1992/93.

Chancellor candidacy change

In the German federal election of 1990, Lafonntaine was the SPD's Chancellor candidate. The party lost because of support for the CDU who were the government during reunification. During the campaign he was attacked with a knife by a mentally deranged woman after a speech in Cologne. His carotid artery was slashed and he remained in a critical condition for several days.

Political comeback change

At the "Mannheim convention" in 1995, Lafontaine was elected chairman of the SPD, replacing Rudolf Scharping. He was mainly responsible for bringing the whole of the SPD against Helmut Kohl and his CDU party, instead of cooperating with the CDU. Lafontaine said that any help given to Kohl would only help to keep the CDU in government.

This idea put the SPD ahead in the opinion polls in September 1998. He was appointed Federal Minister of Finance in the first government of Gerhard Schröder.

Minister of Finance change

During his short time as Minister of Finance, Lafontaine was a figure of attack by UK Eurosceptics. This was especially because he wanted to make taxes the same in the European Union. This would have meant some UK taxes would increase.

On 11 March 1999, he resigned from all his official and party offices, saying that not getting any help from other members of the cabinet. Later he become known for his attacks against Angela Merkel's government in the tabloid Bild-Zeitung which is generally considered conservative.

The Left Party change

On 24 May 2005 Lafontaine left the SPD. On 10 June, he said he would run as the lead candidate for The Left Party.PDS (Die Linkspartei), a coalition of the Electoral Alternative for Labour and Social Justice (WASG), which is based in western Germany, and the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), which was the successor to the East German communist party[2]

He joined the WASG on 18 June 2005 and was selected to head their list for the 2005 Federal Election in North Rhine-Westphalia on the same day. He also stood in the Saarbrücken constituency, but lost. Nevertheless, the result of the Linkspartei in the Saarland was the best in any of the federal states in the West of Germany.

Criticisms of Lafontaine change

An article by Lafontaine on Erich Honecker, state and party leader of the GDR and a Saarländer like him, in the magazine Der Spiegel was criticized by many people who said it concentrated on a few good things Honecker did, and ignored the bad things. In the late 80s and early 90s he lost some support from left-wing people because he seemed to want pro-business policies and he called for a reduction of the influx of Germans from Eastern Europe and asylum-seekers.

Other websites change

Books change

Oskar LaFontaine: The Heart Beats on the Left Polity, ISBN 978-0-7456-2582-9

References change

  1. "Deutscher Bundestag: Lafontaine, Oskar". Bundestag.de. Archived from the original on 2009-09-27. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
  2. "New leftwing alliance to challenge SPD". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2005-12-01. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
Preceded by
Fritz Schuster
Mayor of Saarbrücken
1976 – 1985
Succeeded by
Hans-Jürgen Koebnick (SPD)
Preceded by
Rudolf Scharping
Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
1995 – 1999
Succeeded by
Gerhard Schröder
Preceded by
Werner Zeyer (CDU)
Minister president of Saarland
1985 – 1998
Succeeded by
Reinhard Klimmt (SPD)
Preceded by
Theodor Waigel (CSU)
German Minister of Finance
1998 – 1999
Succeeded by
Hans Eichel (SPD)
Preceded by
Roland Claus
chairman of the parliamentary group Left Party
2005 – present
Succeeded by

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