Pedro I of Brazil

Emperor of Brazil (1822–31) and King of Portugal (1826)

Pedro I (12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834) was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil, from Dec. 1, 1822, to April 7, 1831, also reckoned as King Pedro (Peter) IV of Portugal. He is best remembered as the man who declared Brazil independent from Portugal in 1822. When the country was invaded by French troops in 1807, he and his family fled to Portugal's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil. on 7 April 1831 Pedro I abdicated in favor of his son Dom Pedro II, and sailed for Europe.

Pedro I
Duke of Braganza
Half-length painted portrait of Pedro, wearing a uniform with gold epaulettes and the Order of the Golden Fleece on a red ribbon around his neck and a striped sash of office across his chest
Emperor of Brazil
Reign12 October 1822 – 7 April 1831
Coronation1 December 1822
PredecessorJohn VI (as King of Brazil)
SuccessorPedro II
King of Portugal
Reign10 March 1826 – 2 May 1826
PredecessorJohn VI
SuccessorMaria II
Born(1798-10-12)12 October 1798
Queluz Palace, Queluz, Portugal
Died24 September 1834(1834-09-24) (aged 35)
Queluz Palace, Queluz, Portugal
(m. 1817; died 1826)
(m. 1829)
Full name
Pedro de Alcântara Francisco António João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim de Bragança e Bourbon
FatherJohn VI of Portugal
MotherCarlota Joaquina of Spain
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureCursive signature in ink