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Pirna

town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany

Pirna is a Große Kreisstadt in the rural district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.

Pirna
Human rights memorial Castle-Fortress Sonnenstein 117956973.jpg
Flag of Pirna
Flag
Coat of arms of Pirna
Coat of arms
Location of Pirna within Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district
Pirna in PIR.svg
Pirna is located in Germany
Pirna
Pirna
Pirna is located in Saxony
Pirna
Pirna
Coordinates: 50°57′44″N 13°56′25″E / 50.96222°N 13.94028°E / 50.96222; 13.94028Coordinates: 50°57′44″N 13°56′25″E / 50.96222°N 13.94028°E / 50.96222; 13.94028
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictSächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Municipal assoc.Pirna
Government
 • MayorKlaus Peter Hanke (none)
Area
 • Total53.06 km2 (20.49 sq mi)
Elevation
109-340 m (−1,006 ft)
Population
 (2016-12-31)[2]
 • Total38,187
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
01781–01796
Dialling codes03501
Vehicle registrationPIR
Websitewww.pirna.de

GeographyEdit

Pirna is located at the beginning of the Elbtalkessel, where the Wesenitz and the Gottleuba flow in the Elbe. In the south of Pirna is the Osterzgebirge. Pirna is named Tor zur Sächsischen Schweiz (door to the Sächsische Schweiz).

Nearby townsEdit

Direct in the north of Pirna is the capital of Saxony, Dresden. Nearby towns are Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel, Bahretal, Dohma, Dohna, Dürrröhrsdorf-Dittersbach, Heidenau, Lohmen, Stadt Wehlen and Struppen. All these towns are in the rural districts of Sächsische and Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.

HistoryEdit

Stone AgeEdit

The first relics of human settlers are from the last ice age. In the neolithic age, farmers lived in this region. In the 6th century the Sorbs settled in Pirna.

Middle AgesEdit

 
Old market of Pirna

With the foundation of the Mark Meißen in the 10th century, it was possible to re-prove a settlement in the area of Pirna. In the 12th century, the castle of Prina would be built. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen gave the townrights to Pirna. The Elbe was in this time an important river for the trade. In 1233, the town was first mentioned in a document. Wenceslaus II of Bohemia bought the town in 1293 and so the town was Bohemian until 1405. In 1307, a convent was founded in the district.

Population changeEdit

The table below lists the population change of Pirna since 1300. Since 1960 the population was counted on December 31 every year.[3]

til 1899

  • 1300 - 1,500
  • 1550 - 3,538
  • 1801 - 4,397
  • 1834 - 5,556
  • 1871 - 8,905
  • 1875 - 10,581
  • 1880 - 11,670
  • 1890 - 13,852

1900 til 1989

  • 1910 - 19,525
  • 1925 - 30,460
  • 1933 - 33,656
  • 1939 - 36,325
  • 1946 - 37,426 1
  • 1950 - 38,676 2
  • 1960 - 41,111
  • 1981 - 48,387
  • 1984 - 47,601

since 1990

  • 1995 - 39,194
  • 1998 - 42,728
  • 2000 - 42,108
  • 2002 - 40,853
  • 2004 - 40,259
  • 2005 - 40,110
  • 2006 - 39,751
  • 2007 - 39,438

NotesEdit

  1. "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2016] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.
  3. Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen statistics

Other websitesEdit