Pope Celestine III

pope of the Catholic Church from 1191 to 1198

Pope Celestine III (Latin: Coelestinus Tertius; 1106 – 8 January 1198), born Giacinto Bobone, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 176th Pope from 1191 until his death in 1198.[1]

Celestine III
Papacy began21 March 1191
Papacy ended8 January 1198
PredecessorPope Clement III
SuccessorPope Innocent III
Personal details
Birth nameGiacinto Bobone
Died(1198-01-08)January 8, 1198
Other popes named Celestine

Early life change

He was born into the noble Orsini family in Rome.[2]

Cardinal change

In 1145, he is raised to the rank of cardinal.[3]

Pope change

Cardinal Bobone was elected pope on March 30, 1191; and he chose to be called Celestine III.[2]

Pope Celestine was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2] He crowned the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. He excommunicated Duke Leopold of Austria and King Alonso IX of Leon.[4]

After becoming pope, he was ordained a priest on April 13, 1191.

Related pages change

References change

Emblem of the popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Pope Celestine III," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
  3. Beckett, William. (1836). "Celestine III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 720.
  4. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Celestine III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 400.

Further reading change

  • Doran, John and Damian J. Smith. (2008). Pope Celestine III (1191-1198): Diplomat and Pastor. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 9780754656715; OCLC 421373762

Other websites change

  Media related to Caelestinus III at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Clement III
Succeeded by
Innocent III