Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V (Latin: Sixtus Quintus; 13 December 1520 – 27 August 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 228th Pope from 1585 to 1590.
|Papacy began||24 April 1585|
|Papacy ended||27 August 1590|
|Predecessor||Pope Gregory XIII|
|Successor||Pope Urban VII|
|Birth name||Felice Peretti di Montalto|
|Born||13 December 1520|
Grottammare, Papal States
|Died||27 August 1590 (aged 69)|
|Other popes named Sixtus|
Felice Peretti was born in December 1520 at Grottammare in the province of Ascoli Piceno.
In 1547, Peretti was ordained.
Peretti became a Franciscan; and in 1560, he became Apostolic vicar of his order.
In 1565, Pope Pius IV assigned Peretti to work with Cardinal Buoncompagni (who would become Pope Gregory XIII); but they did not work well together.
In 1566 Pope Pius V made Peretti Bishop of Sant' Agata dei Goti in the Kingdom of Naples.
In 1570, Peretti was raised to the rank of cardinal.
After the election of Gregory XIII, Peretti withdrew from public activities.
Cardinal di Montalto was elected pope in 1585; and he chose the name Sixtus V.
During the reign of Sixtus V, the dome of St Peter's Basilica was completed;. The external dome was covered with lead and the bands were covered with bronze gilt.
A building for the Vatican Library was constructed.
The investment in public works included the loggia of Sixtus in the Basilica of St. John Lateran; the chapel of the Praesepe in Santa Maria Maggiore; additions and repairs to the Quirinal Palace, Lateran Palace and Vatican Palace; the erection of four obelisks (including the one in the Piazza of St Peter's; the opening of six streets; and the restoration of the aqueduct of Severus (Acqua Felice).
- ↑ Note that the first three popes are called "Xystus" in ancient records. Sixtus or Xystus was a Roman name which was Latinized from the Greek name "Ξυστος." This name means "polished." This name is not to be confused with the common Roman name "Sextus" which means "sixth".
- ↑ "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-9.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Pope Sixtus V," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-9.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Chisholm, Hugh (1911). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 164.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1842. p. 72.
- ↑ Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 69.
Media related to Sixtus V at Wikimedia Commons
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Sixtus V
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Peretti Montalto Archived 2014-05-04 at the Wayback Machine