Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V (Latin: Sixtus Quintus; 13 December 1520 – 27 August 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 228th Pope from 1585 to 1590.
|Papacy began||24 April 1585|
|Papacy ended||27 August 1590|
|Predecessor||Pope Gregory XIII|
|Successor||Pope Urban VII|
|Birth name||Felice Peretti di Montalto|
|Born||13 December 1520|
Grottammare, Papal States
|Died||27 August 1590 (aged 69)|
|Other Popes named Sixtus|
After the election of Gregory XIII, Peretti withdrew from public activities.
Cardinal di Montalto was elected pope in 1585; and he chose the name Sixtus V.
A building for the Vatican Library was constructed.
The investment in public works included the loggia of Sixtus in the Basilica of St. John Lateran; the chapel of the Praesepe in Santa Maria Maggiore; additions and repairs to the Quirinal Palace, Lateran Palace and Vatican Palace; the erection of four obelisks (including the one in the Piazza of St Peter's; the opening of six streets; and the restoration of the aqueduct of Severus (Acqua Felice).
- Note that the first three popes are called "Xystus" in ancient records. Sixtus or Xystus was a Roman name which was Latinized from the Greek name "Ξυστος." This name means "polished." This name is not to be confused with the common Roman name "Sextus" which means "sixth".
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-9.
- "Pope Sixtus V," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-9.
- Chisholm, Hugh (1911). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 164.
- The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1842. p. 72.
- Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 69.