President of Vietnam

De jure Head of State of Vietnam

The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is, according to the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the elected head of state of Vietnam, holds the second highest office in Vietnam after General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

President of the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Mr. Nguyen Xuan Phuc.jpg
Incumbent
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc

since 5 April 2021
StyleMr. President / Đồng chí
(comrade) (formal)
His Excellency
(formal)
StatusHead of state
1st or 2nd in Politburo of the Communist Party
Member ofCentral Committee of the Communist Party
Central Police Party Committee
Central Military Commission
National Assembly
Council for National Defense and Security
ResidencePresidential Palace, Hanoi, Vietnam
NominatorStanding Committee of the National Assembly
AppointerNational Assembly
Term length5 years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Vietnam
Inaugural holderHồ Chí Minh
26 August 1945
Formation2 September 1945
DeputyVice President of Vietnam
SalaryVND 15,730,000 monthly[1]
WebsiteOfficial website (Vietnamese)

In addition, the president appoints the head of government, the Prime Minister. The President represents the government both domestically and internationally.

The President appoints the Vice President, Prime Minister, Ministers and other officials with the consent of the National Assembly.[2]

The President is the Supreme Commander-in-chief of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces, Chairman of the Council for Defense and Security.

If the President becomes unable to discharge duties of office, the Vice President assumes the office of acting president until the President resumes duty, or until the election of a new president.

Presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–1976)Edit

Number
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Rank
[note 2]
Political party
1   Hồ Chí Minh
(1890–1969)
(Lived: 79 years)
September 2, 1945 September 2, 1969
[note 3]
24 years, 0 days 1 Communist Party of Indochina (until 1951)
Worker's Party of Vietnam (since 1951)
  Huỳnh Thúc Kháng
(1876–1947)
(Lived: 70 years)
May 31, 1946 September 21, 1946 113 days Independent
  Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
(Lived: 91 years)
September 3, 1969 September 23, 1969 20 days Worker's Party of Vietnam
2 September 23, 1969 July 2, 1976 6 years, 283 days 1

Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969–1976)Edit

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Political party
1   Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
(Lived: 86 years)
June 8, 1969 July 2, 1976 7 years, 24 days People's Revolutionary Party of Vietnam (influenced by Worker's Party of Vietnam)

Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present)Edit

Status
  Denotes Acting President
No.
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Officially In the state Took office Left office Time in office
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
(2) 1   Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
2 July 1976 30 March 1980† 3 years, 272 days Worker's Party of Vietnam
(until December 1976)
Communist Party of Vietnam
(from December 1976)
  Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
30 March 1980 4 July 1981 1 year, 96 days Communist Party of Vietnam
Chairman of the Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
3 2   Trường Chinh
(1907–1988)
4 July 1981 18 June 1987 5 years, 349 days Communist Party of Vietnam
4 3 Võ Chí Công
(1912–2011)
18 June 1987 22 September 1992 5 years, 96 days Communist Party of Vietnam
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
5 4   Army general Lê Đức Anh
(1920–2019)
23 September 1992 24 September 1997 5 years, 1 day Communist Party of Vietnam
6 5   Trần Đức Lương
(1937–)
24 September 1997 27 June 2006 8 years, 276 days Communist Party of Vietnam
7 6   Nguyễn Minh Triết
(1942–)
27 June 2006 25 July 2011 5 years, 28 days Communist Party of Vietnam
8 7   Trương Tấn Sang
(1949–)
25 July 2011 2 April 2016 4 years, 252 days Communist Party of Vietnam
9 8   Police general Trần Đại Quang
(1956–2018)
2 April 2016 21 September 2018† 2 years, 172 days Communist Party of Vietnam
  Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
(1959–)
21 September 2018 23 October 2018 32 days Communist Party of Vietnam
10 9   Nguyễn Phú Trọng
(1944–)
23 October 2018 5 April 2021 2 years, 164 days Communist Party of Vietnam
11 10   Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
(1954–)
5 April 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 229 days Communist Party of Vietnam

Living former presidentsEdit

Image Name Term of office Age
  Trần Đức Lương 1997–2006 86 years, 199 days
  Nguyễn Minh Triết 2006–2011 80 years, 43 days
  Trương Tấn Sang 2011–2016 73 years, 303 days
  Nguyễn Phú Trọng 2018–2021 78 years, 220 days

ReferencesEdit

  1. News, V. T. C. (13 August 2016). "Lương của Chủ tịch nước, Thủ tướng, Chủ tịch Quốc hội là bao nhiêu? - VTC News". Báo VTC. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  2. Staff writer. "the president takes the following oath before the National Congress". 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam. Retrieved 2 April 2016.