Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

member of the British royal family, husband of Queen Elizabeth II (1921–2021)

Military career

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Greek: Φίλιππος, romanizedFílippos[1]) was the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. He was originally a Prince of Greece and Denmark. He was born on the dining room table in a villa on the Greek island of Corfu, on 10 June 1921.[2] He was the only son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg.[3] (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark;[4] 10 June 1921[fn 1] – 9 April 2021)

Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh (more)
photograph of Prince Philip in his 71st year
Photograph by Allan Warren (1992)
Consort of the British monarch
Tenure6 February 1952 – 9 April 2021
BornPrince Philip of Greece and Denmark
(1921-06-10)10 June 1921[fn 1]
Mon Repos, Corfu, Kingdom of Greece
Died9 April 2021(2021-04-09) (aged 99)
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Burial17 April 2021
Elizabeth II (m. 1947)
FatherPrince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
MotherPrincess Alice of Battenberg
Allegiance United Kingdom
Years of service1939–1952 (active service)
Commands heldHMS Magpie

Early lifeEdit

Prince Philip was on active service in the Royal Navy throughout the Second World War. At the end of the war he was on the destroyer HMS Whelp in the Pacific, and was in Tokyo Bay for the Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945.[5]

After he changed his nationality, he became known as Philip Mountbatten. His cousin was Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma.

On 19 November 1947, he was made a Knight of the Garter,[6] and given the style of "Royal Highness".[7]


On 20 November 1947, he married Princess Elizabeth, the heiress presumptive to King George VI, he became the Duke of Edinburgh.[7] He was made a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957. King Edward VII Hospital as a “precautionary measure” after feeling unwell.[8] On 23 February, it was announced that he had an infection.[9]


On 9 April 2021, it was announced by Buckingham Palace that Prince Phillip had died inside his home at Windsor Castle.[10] An official statement by Buckingham Palace was released on Twitter.

"It is with deep sorrow that Her Majesty The Queen has announced the death of her beloved husband, His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His Royal Highness passed away peacefully this morning at Windsor Castle."[10]

His funeral was held on 17 April 2021 and he was buried at St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle that same day.


  1. Jydske Tidende (in Danish). 18 May 1986. p. 36.
  2. Hamilton 1985, p. 18.
  3. Brandreth 2004, p. 56.
  4. Multiple sources:
  5. "50 Facts about The Duke of Edinburgh". Royal.Gov.Uk. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  6. Members of the Order of the Garter
  7. 7.0 7.1 "London Gazette, Friday 21 November 1947".
  8. "Prince Philip, 99, in hospital 'as a precaution'". BBC News. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  9. "Prince Philip has infection and is set to stay in hospital for 'several days'". BBC News. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Prince Philip has died , Buckingham Palace announces". BBC News. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  1. 1.0 1.1 He was born on 10 June 1921 according to the Gregorian calendar. Until March 1923, Greece used the Julian calendar, in which the date was 28 May 1921.