Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

consort of Elizabeth II from 1952 to 2021

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark;[1] 10 June 1921[fn 1] – 9 April 2021; Greek: Φίλιππος, romanizedFílippos[2]) was the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. He was originally a Prince of Greece and Denmark. He was born on the dining room table in a villa on the Greek island of Corfu, on 10 June 1921.[3] He was the only son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg.[4]

Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh (more)
photograph of Prince Philip in his 71st year
Photograph by Allan Warren (1992)
Consort of the British monarch
Tenure6 February 1952 – 9 April 2021 (69 years, 62 days)
BornPrince Philip of Greece and Denmark
(1921-06-10)10 June 1921[fn 1]
Mon Repos, Corfu, Kingdom of Greece
Died9 April 2021(2021-04-09) (aged 99)
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Burial17 April 2021
19 September 2022
King George VI Memorial Chapel, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
Elizabeth II (m. 1947)
FatherPrince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
MotherPrincess Alice of Battenberg
Allegiance United Kingdom
Years of service1939–1952 (active service)
Commands heldHMS Magpie

Early life change

Prince Philip was on active service in the Royal Navy throughout the Second World War. At the end of the war he was on the destroyer HMS Whelp in the Pacific, and was in Tokyo Bay for the Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945.[5]

After he changed his nationality, he became known as Philip Mountbatten. His cousin was Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma.

On 19 November 1947, he was made a Knight of the Garter,[6] and given the style of "Royal Highness".[7]

Prince Consort to Queen Elizabeth II change

On 20 November 1947, he married Princess Elizabeth, the heiress presumptive to King George VI, he became the Duke of Edinburgh.[7] He was made a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957. King Edward VII Hospital as a “precautionary measure” after feeling unwell.[8] On 23 February 2021 it was announced that he had an infection.[9]

Death change

On 9 April 2021, it was announced by Buckingham Palace that Prince Phillip had died inside his home at Windsor Castle.[10] An official statement by Buckingham Palace was released on Twitter.

"It is with deep sorrow that Her Majesty The Queen has announced the death of her beloved husband, His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His Royal Highness passed away peacefully this morning at Windsor Castle."[10]

His funeral was held on 17 April 2021 and he was buried at St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle that same day.

Titles and Styles

10 June 1921-28 February 1947: His Royal Highness Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark

28 February 1947-19 November 1947: Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten

19-20 November 1947: Lieutenant His Royal Highness Sir Philip Mountbatten

20 November 1947-22 February 1957 His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, His Royal Highness The Earl of Merioneth, Baron Greenwich

22 February 1957-9 April 2021: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh, His Royal Highness The Earl of Merioneth, Baron Greenwich

References change

  1. Multiple sources:
    • "Early life and education". The Royal Family. 2 March 2017. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
    • "His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh". Canadian Heritage. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
    • Ward, Victoria (10 June 2011). "Prince Philip's 90th birthday: a life less ordinary for The Duke of Edinburgh". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
    • "The Life And Times Of The Royal Consort". Sky News. 10 June 2011. Archived from the original on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
  2. Jydske Tidende (in Danish). 18 May 1986. p. 36.
  3. Hamilton 1985, p. 18.
  4. Brandreth 2004, p. 56.
  5. "50 Facts about The Duke of Edinburgh". Royal.Gov.Uk. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  6. Members of the Order of the Garter
  7. 7.0 7.1 "London Gazette, Friday 21 November 1947".
  8. "Prince Philip, 99, in hospital 'as a precaution'". BBC News. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  9. "Prince Philip has infection and is set to stay in hospital for 'several days'". BBC News. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Prince Philip has died aged 99, Buckingham Palace announces". BBC News. 2021-04-09. Retrieved 2022-09-10.
  1. 1.0 1.1 He was born on 10 June 1921 according to the Gregorian calendar. Until March 1923, Greece used the Julian calendar, in which the date was 28 May 1921.